Every Week

Vol. 1 No. 1
© May 3, 1915 Copyright, 1915, by Every Week Corporation
The Girl Who Was Talked About

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Cat's Paw


Starrett Tools for all Mechanics


Increase Your Income $25.00 A Week


Social Engraving


A Snug-Seat


Song Poems Wanted


Safe as a Rocking Chair

The Promise of Every Week

THE editor of EVERY WEEK believes that every, man or woman in America who amounts to anything is busy.

He believes that busy men and women would rather have one better story than five good stories.

They would rather have a two-page article boiled down into one page than boiled up into three.

They would rather have twenty interesting short features every week than five long features.

And they would rather pay three cents for the twenty features than five cents or ten cents or fifteen cents for the five.

This is the promise of EVERY WEEK:

To give the most interesting reading every week; to give it quickly, and at trivial cost—
To remember that there is a woman in every American home, as well as a man—
To serve the busy American. Those Americans who are not busy may find more elsewhere, but not more for the money.

TO make good this promise is the purpose of your friend,


Your Official Appointment

YOU are officially appointed a contributing editor of EVERY WEEK. Your salary will be based "on space," as the newspaper men say; which means that you will be paid according to the amount of acceptable material you furnish. What constitutes acceptable material?

Interesting Photographs

first of all. Every year the amateur photographers of the country make interesting photographs to fill all the magazines hundreds of times over—snapshots of interesting people, of important achievements or unusual events. For photographs of real interest EVERY WEEK will pay well.

Certain forthcoming numbers of EVERY WEEK will be made up almost wholly of your contributions. For example:

The Worth While Folk Number

EVERY city or town has one or two people who are worth telling the world about. You have one friend, at least, who does something better than anyone else, whether it be preaching a better sermon or making a better mousetrap. Send in the picture of that friend to the editor of the Worth While Folk Number—and don't forget stamps if you want it returned. For the picture, if we use it, we shall pay $3, and for the two- or three-hundred-word article that you will write to accompany it, the regular magazine rate.

Who Was Marie Dupont?

FASCINATING, rich, beautiful, courted by many men, she was still a mystery to herself, her guardians, and her friends. Who was she, this Marie Dupont? Where had she come from? What was the secret of her past?

One week from today we begin to unfold the solution of this mystery in a new serial novel which will continue in these columns for eleven weeks. We call it "Who Was Marie Dupont?" You will probably call it the best mystery story in years. It is by Adele Luehrmann, a new author.

The Questions Your Children Ask You

will be answered in a new department of this magazine. You know the kind of questions we mean,—"Papa, why do the stars twinkle?" and "Mama, why does the wind blow?" Have you a little Interrogation Point in your home? Then this department will be a godsend to you. Fuller announcement next week.

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Being the Wife of a Successful Tenor

A Confession

BY an American woman who as a young girl became the wife of a world-known singer, and who tells here for the first time the story of her personal struggles and experiences.

I AM not musical, and none of my family is a musician. Yet I imagine that there are few people in the world whose daily living and thinking, whose speech, manners, dress, whose very eating and drinking, conform so absolutely to certain musical realities as mine. It all came about through the accident of my having married a tenor.

I say the accident, and certainly my marriage was, more than most marriages, accidental. Up to my eighteenth year I knew less even than most American girls about the life of a musician. Most of my girlhood had been spent out of doors on a big Connecticut farm which had belonged to my father's mother, and which he had turned into a sort of all-the-year-round country place after his family began to grow up. I was robust and practical in my tastes. I liked riding, swimming, gardening, tramping in the wind and rain. I hated the three months that we spent every winter in the city, and got miserably homesick for my dogs.

I met my husband one week-end when he came down to discuss some difficulty about a contract with my father, who was a lawyer. I fell in love with him, was courted, and married, all within three weeks.

MY marriage took place so breathlessly that it was over before I really knew what was happening,—certainly before I had time to size up the chances I was taking or to realize how unfit I was for the responsibilities of my new life. Sometimes I have wondered at my husband's courage in taking a young, inexperienced girl and plunging her into a life of such bewildering complexity and difficulty. It would have been a difficult life for any woman, even one thoroughly sophisticated in the ways of the world. Perhaps he counted on the natural adaptability of youth.

Our marriage was hurried on because my husband had a concert date in Vienna which it was absolutely essential for him to keep. Within two weeks of my wedding day I found myself for the first time in my life in a foreign city, among people whose language I did not know one word of; but, worse than that, I could not have understood them even if I had understood their language. They and my husband lived in a different world from mine,—a world of ideas, to which I was a stranger.

I had a good many practical aptitudes. I was an expert housekeeper: my mother had trained me carefully in that. I could run a house, manage servants, plan a dinner party. I had been put early on an allowance, and had sensible ideas about the expenditure of money; but intellectual interests I had none. I had never learned to use my mind for any but practical aims.

During the first months of my marriage I began to realize the appalling extent of my ignorance. I met a great many people in those days,—people of the kind I had never known before. Most of them were older than I. All of them were infinitely cleverer and more accomplished. I used to watch the women especially—beautiful, witty, accomplished women who could converse brilliantly in three or four languages, who were adroit in every [?] usage, who knew all about the


Copyright by International News Service

One successful tenor—not the subject of this article—who has no wife to manage him. Caruso was said to be receiving $1,200 a performance at Monte Carlo, half of which he was giving to the wounded soldiers.

things in which my husband was most interested—with a fearful sinking of the heart. I set myself furiously to overcome my deficiencies.

My mind was wide awake in those days. I was under a tremendous stimulus, although I was not conscious of it. The new experiences that crowded in upon me so fast gave me in a few months a maturity that I should not have gained in ten years at home. I made great strides in those few months. I studied German and Italian; I attended lectures and concerts; I read tremendously. I tried to learn all I could about singing and singers. I persuaded my husband to let me stay in the room when he practised with a coach, so that I could see something of the way in which he worked.

THE greatest problem that I had to study was of course—my husband. I did not really know anything about him when I married him. He was many years older than I. He was not only a tenor, he was a real musician, with a passion for his work. He was sensitive, moody, autocratic, intolerant, quick tempered. He could be wonderfully generous, and he could be absolutely merciless. The one thing he could not forgive was any interference with his work, any claim that set itself above the claim of his voice.

The thing I could not grow accustomed to at first was the endless care that had to be given to that treacherous organ. Drafts, indigestion, fatigue, a fit of bad temper, sleeplessness,—these were only a few of the enemies against which I found that I must be on perpetual guard. My husband's voice was like a separate entity, like a third presence in our household, something that had to be ceaselessly watched over, guarded, humored, propitiated, obeyed, which had the power of making both our lives either happy or completely miserable. I soon found out that I, almost more than my husband, was responsible for the well-being of this mysterious guest.

I alone had the power to prevent its vitality being fretted away by all sorts of petty cares and irritations. My husband was terribly helpless against people. He had no ingenuity in protecting himself against the endless claims they made upon him. It was a task requiring both tact and patience to step in between him and the multitudes of people who always follow in the wake of any rich, gifted personality, each one with some insistent demand upon it, from the little school teacher who wants an autograph, to the brilliant hostess of a dinner or musicale who insists on her lion. None of these people must be offended if there is any way of avoiding it; for they represent the singer's public, and a singer must be on good terms with his public.

And yet at all costs I had to manage that my husband's life should not be distracted and broken up by all these interruptions; that he had quiet and leisure for his work and for some sort of personal life into which he could retreat now and then.

I MUST own there was one phase of my husband's profession that for a long time caused me great misery. I was jealous of the women: not of his professional associates,—I had sense enough to know that only a very stupid or a very unreasonable wife would object to the operatic stage business of a tenor, would complain of having to witness her husband making stage love to the prima donna. That is part of the job. What I did mind was the women who made love to my husband off the stage. It was a long time before I could become reconciled to it, and not until I had gone through many painful struggles.

The worst of it was that my husband liked it. It flattered and stimulated him when some lovely young creature turned up and put forth all her powers of attractiveness to charm him: it was like an exciting game that gave zest and interest to existence. He said that he worked all the better for a mild flirtation.

But it used to make me very unhappy. At such times I would see myself as a dull drudge who took all the rubs and knocks and did all the disagreeable chores, while other women had my husband's holiday moments. Once I made a scene,—cried, stormed, and behaved very badly indeed. I never made another. My husband was extremely angry. He left the room without a word. He was just starting on one of his tours, and when he said goodby to me it was in the presence of several people.

I did not see him again for two months. In that time I took account with myself very seriously. I saw that I had behaved stupidly and childishly. I had only done violence to our relationship, and had not bettered my own position. With a person of my husband's pride and independence it was the worst possible way to take. After that I honestly tried to be broadminded and to respect his individuality: not to act as if I owned it and were its sole proprietor.

I SOMETIMES went with my husband on his tours: more often I did not. It is not a good thing for a tenor's wife to be too much in evidence. When I did travel with him I made it my job to look after his comfort in every possible way. There were all sorts of ways in which no one could be so useful to him as I,—seeing that he ate the right things, looking out for drafts, watching him to see that he did not overexert himself when he was with people, writing his notes, keeping track of his engagements, being his secretary, nurse, chef, adviser, manager, all in one.

I know of no more difficult profession than to be the wife of a tenor. It is a profession that one has to learn without outside guidance, and it is surrounded by dangerous pitfalls on every side. But on the whole my experience has been a happy one. I should not advise another person to try it; but if I had it to do over again, I should choose exactly the kind of life I have lived.

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She Never Takes a Vacation


Bain News Service

This glimpse of Pavlowa with her powder puff is characteristic; for it is practically the only make-up she uses. She could quite well go out into the street with her stage make-up on.

I WILL tell you why the great artist should be worshiped," says Madame Verhoeven, mistress of the ballet at the Metropolitan Opera House, "and that is because she consecrates her life to work. Oh, yes, I could tell you things that would surprise you of the working life of the première danseuse." And she did.

"Take Pavlowa, for example. Ah, there you have one of the few real artists of our time! I do not say an artist of the dance only. She is an artist in the bigger sense, an artist of life. In some points of technic perhaps she has been excelled; but the soul, the fire, the poetic intelligence, that lie behind her work,—there she is unexcelled. No one can touch her! As my very dear friend I love her [thus speaks a loyal German of a Russian in the year of our Lord 1915], but as an artist I revere and adore her!

"And how has she accomplished all this? By years of unceasing, concentrated work. Never, never does she take a vacation. Hardly a day has passed since she was admitted to the Imperial Russian School of the Ballet at the age of ten that she has not practised at least two hours. Her triumphs are very sweet to her; but they do not carry with them any lessening of her labors.

Great Ballet Dancers at 70

SHE has just turned thirty, and is in the first quarter of her greatness. There have been great ballet dancers with power to thrill and charm at seventy, as Bernhardt still thrills and charms in the drama. Pavlowa is medium height (five feet six), and that in itself is a good omen for a long professional life. Small dancers with small bones have often phenomenally early successes, but they are likely to go 'soft'; while big women who capture grace and technic with more difficulty last longer, but are restricted to a smaller field of work on account of their size.

"Pavlowa escapes both of these dangers. She should dance for years to come and ever increasingly well. And the 'why' of this is because her life is indeed given to the work that is her art.

How Pavlowa Works

WHAT is her day like? It is very simple. It is a child's first piece on the pianoforte, all in C natural. She rises and goes through her morning exercises, bathes, and breakfasts, and goes out for the air. Before lunch she works at planning a new spectacle or scheme of costumes. She is always on the watch for some quaint little overlooked corner of history or for a crashingly dramatic moment in music, art, or biography that has never been visualized. In the afternoon are conferences with her costumers, her designers, her wig-makers, and for the rest, rehearsals—both alone and with her company.

"There you have it! Social life? A première danseuse cannot have a social life. She may have some personal contact with her company; but the matter ends there. To go here and there to dine, to receptions, to meet So and So,—it cannot be done! For the opportunist favorite of the moment, perhaps, but for the artist—impossible!

The Long Waits Between Acts

THE long waits between Pavlowa's numbers? Oh, that is simply the Continental custom. Why should there be such mad haste to get on to the next thing? Should not time be allowed for reflection on what one has just seen, for anticipation as to the next offering? Let us hope it will be sometime before all art is made to conform to the commuter's schedule! As to the waits, the dancers snatch just a moment of rest, then they change costumes and go over the opening steps of the next number. They must ceaselessly make their pirouettes and their elevations. They must keep up on their toes.

"For the artist, the genius, life is all work; though the public does not believe it. People, like naïve savages, imagine that when the sun has set for them it has ceased to shine. Pavlowa, for example, has finished her New York season, and people picture her basking luxuriously in some mountain summer retreat. As a matter of fact, she is dancing each day all the way from Cuba to California. The life of an artist? Now you know what it is like,—work!"

Giving Away 5,000 Pairs of Pants

BUNDLE DAY has a father. He is Ben Altheimer of St. Louis, who has money enough to share with others. A man asked him for food one day. Mr. Altheimer saw that he was shivering. There was an overcoat at home that was a little worn and yet too good to throw away.

It occurred to him that there were many people in the world who had clothing that they did not know what to do with, and that there were many more who needed this clothing. Out of this grew Bundle Day, which is really a clearing house idea. It has been sweeping over the country, finding a welcome wherever the war has lengthened the lists of unemployed.

By the first of March more than 30,000 people in New York had been supplied with clothing by making the Bundle Day idea work.

People Will Always Give Clothes

AN appeal through the newspapers to tie up a bundle of the clothes for which there is no actual need and send it to headquarters meets always with a generous response. People are always more ready to give away clothes than money. The real trouble comes in the distribution.

Women and children have fared best, because the bundles are mostly made up by women. For some reason trousers have been one of the problems. Maybe it is natural that women should not think of these; but the jobless men had thought about them and asked insistently for them.

"Give us pants!" has been an insistent cry.

Now it has been no easy matter to secure something like 5,000 pairs of pants to supply the demand. Also there is a variation in size. Getting and giving away all these pairs of trousers with some concern as to their fit and their fitness has been one of the committees' greatest worries.

Two Million People Out of Work

BUNDLE DAY is one of the quick, practical ways of meeting the needs of the jobless and those dependent upon them. The most generally accepted estimate of the number of unemployed in the whole country this winter was 2,000,000. The cost of caring for these unemployed workers and their families adequately isn't quite so great as that of keeping the French army in the field, because there are no transportation nor ammunition expenses; but it entails a heavy burden.


Edith Slater, two years old, the youngest philanthropist, who donated a bundle on Bundle Day. Below are sonic of the jobless men that New York helped through the winter.


Photos by Brown Bros.

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"That blossoming, vital young thing had no companionship in the world save that of her drunken old father and her whining old mother."

The Girl Who Was Talked About


"HE was a man of the world, able to take care of himself. He knew that she had been talked about."

UNLESS you've lived in a dull little river town, where everybody knows everybody else, to the very marrow of their bones, you'd never understand how Salerno, Illinois, looked down on the run-to-seed Claghorns. It was pity—partly, and a little green streak of envy—when Judith's regal ways, or the old Colonel's blustering stories of past grandeur, got us roiled up; but mostly plain, bumptious Phariseeism,—"Lord, I thank Thee that I am not as these Claghorns; who wear their rich relations' cast-off duds, and are as chaff, even in the eyes of the Woman's Club!" The Woman's Club, forsooth! No wonder Judith didn't care to accept its hospitality, after the way we women had treated her, her whole life long!

It was fifteen years ago that the Claghorns came to Salerno. I mind what a swath the Colonel cut those first weeks as he swaggered around town in his flashy light clothes, his red face glistering, his big voice rolling out its windy orotund. He had just retired from his honored practice of law in Virginia,Suh! His dear wife's health demanded our healing river air. He desired a furnished residence, and he kept Salerno's two real estate men on tenterhooks a month while he, loftily considered the Dwights' Tudor Castle on the Hill, and the Wyman mansion on Main street. (Mrs. Horatio P. Dwight is Salerno's sole Patrician. Horatio P., good, easy man, had died that spring, and she was taking Ned, the heir apparent, for a year of school in Lausanne. The Dwights are my third cousins, and I enjoy some reflected glory.) But the Colonel found Dwight Castle too gloomy. And the Wyman mansion reminded him painfully of his father's manor house on the James, "sacked by the damn Yankees, Suh! The noblest pile in all Albermarle County!" And all of a sudden he decided on the old Ames place, down on the levee.

Salerno gasped. Nobody that was anybody dreamed of living on the levee. It was all factories, and freight yards, and teeming blocks of Polack Town. Worse, the Ames place was a sprawling, ramshackle old shell, moldy as an old tomb. But perhaps its twelve dollars a month, against the Dwight Castle hundred, made its moldiness endurable.

Mrs. Claghorn, slim, languid, slatternly, settled down contentedly enough to enjoy her poor health and the river air. The Colonel settled down too,—into a yellow pine chair, tipped back against the Park Hotel, of summers; into a big rocker, drawn close to the bar base-burner, of winters. By and by we got used to him, and his spotty Prince Albert, and the flat silver flask that he refilled only too often, and his booming blather: just as we got used to Mrs. Claghorn, and her sweet, lazy drawl, and her sad, blond front. But we never did get used to Judy.

I CAN see her now, the first time I ever laid eyes on her, as she marched into Miss Sarah Arnold's class at Sunday school. She was a tall, strong child, with black, dense hair in silken braids, and great, black eyes, and a small, grave face, cut like a little cameo. But nobody saw her beauty then; for every eye in Sunday school was riveted on her clothes. Every other little girl was starched and smug in "best white." But Judith! Her pink satin slip, flounced with torn lace, showed inches of lean, little shoulder; cheap bangles jingled on her thin, little arms; her pink stockings were soiled past belief, her white shoes half buttoned. A big garnet necklace glittered on her throat; a huge rhinestone pin caught her sash. She was just a tawdry, little caricature.

Then a whisper stirred, and grew, and broke into a titter that swept the whole big room. Judith, baby that she was, understood. Her little, tense face blazed crimson; her stubby fists balled like pebbles. But there was clean grit in Judith. Minute after minute she stood there, a defiant little statue. Not till the titter had dropped to shamed silence did she yield to Miss Sarah's coaxing hand, and slip down into the tall pew. There she sat moveless, her soft mouth set, her black eyes flaming, till the doxology was sung. Then, head high, she wrenched from Miss Sarah, and marched away—and never stepped inside the church door again.

You couldn't blame her. But Salerno sniffed. Stuck-up little Johnny Rob—good enough for her! For weeks Judith kept to herself, even at day school, with a black pride pitiful to see in such a little creature. She must have been as lonely as if she trod another planet.

After awhile she thawed—a little. But it was just Judith, to take up with the Kinneys and Lou Bell, the commonest children in town. That helped tag Judith, you see. And when she was sixteen, and just unfolding into her dark, glowing splendor, and as innocently conspicuous in our dull streets as a Richmond rose in an onion Patch, didn't she pick up Leota Barrison, and go with her everywhere,—Leota, "resting" from stock in St. Louis, with her penciled pink lips, and her laugh like sounding cymbals, and her serried ranks of "gentlemen friends"? That was the year the great dam was built, five miles north of Salerno. Our town swarmed with spruce young engineers and noisy, jolly foremen, and Leota, the experienced, took her choice. You can imagine what that intimacy cost Judith. Deeper than burning pitch, that cruel verdict seared into her innocent name,—Talked About!

ABOUT the time that Judith and two young engineers went on a picnic with Leota and a drummer from Pittsburgh, and got stuck on a sandbar till near daybreak, Miss Sarah Arnold and I took our courage in both hands, and went to see Mrs. Claghorn. But we met the Colonel at the gate, and Miss Sarah cast herself gushingly on him instead. The Colonel was fuddled, but courtly. He seated us on the sway-backed porch, and apologized for Mrs. Claghorn's headache, and listened with top-heavy dignity. Judith was indeed growing up to be very striking, very beautiful.

"You feel that my daughter needs finer companionship? She does indeed, Madam. You will forgive me for saying that Salerno, Illinois, is hardly the milieu for an Albemarle Claghorn. And you suggest Miss Seton's school in St. Louis? I had planned to send Judy to school in Paris—accompanied by her own governess, of course. Though, since you recommend Miss Seton's, I—I might think it over."

He did think it over. Of course he couldn't pay her seven dollars' fare to St. Louis. But Miss Sarah and I managed that; though we had to send it and her first-term tuition anonymously, through Miss Sarah's lawyer, who still regards us as two cracked old maids. But Judy didn't stay the term out. I never did get the straight of it; though Eva Seton sobbed wrathfully over the telephone, and vowed that it was all bosh to talk of the

tenderness of women. A band of cannibals were Christian gentlemen, alongside of a pack of schoolgirls!

Anyway, Judy came home, very tall and pale and utterly silent. And she shucked off Leota Barrison and her kind like a muddy overshoe. You never saw her in the streets any more. The only place you did see her was coming out of business college; for she was studying stenography. Even then you'd hardly know her; for she always went in the plainest little gingham dresses and sailor hats, and she never wore jewelry nowadays, not even a bead necklace on her white throat. Before long she went to work in the telephone office, down on lower Main. Then back and forth she went, taller, lovelier, more silent, than ever.

Then year on year went by, and that blossoming, vital young thing had no companionship in the world, save her drunken old father, and her whining old mother, and the girls at the exchange, who scowled at her grand airs, and resented her promotion to chief operator. And when Salerno thought of her at all it thought of her as the girl who had been talked about! No, burning pitch isn't in it!

THEN Ned Dwight, only and idolized son of Salerno's sole Patrician, came home, after four years of Harvard and two of Europe,—home, to settle down in Salerno and take over the family stove foundry, heretofore in the hands of a regent. You can imagine how Salerno sat up.

Of course Mrs. Horatio P. unbent, and opened the castle for a ball to which even the peasantry were bidden—though she didn't ask the Claghorns. Nobody ever thought of asking them anywhere. And Ned stood by his fair, imperial mother like the great, husky young prince he is, and greeted everybody like a long-lost brother, and had all the men grinning, and the old ladies patting his shoulder, and the girls wide-eyed and tremulous, before the evening was half over. I knew right then that Ned Dwight was destined to be Salerno's idol too; just as his wise, kind father had been before him—and I was glad.

NEXT morning I met Ned downtown, glorious in khaki and puttees. He jumped off his horse, and seized my arm, and walked up Main street with me, talking and laughing sixteen to the dozen. Everybody we met beamed and spluttered worshipfully, quite as if he'd been the Young Prince in truth. As we crossed Main street the door of Heidloff's Home Bakery swung open. Out stepped Judy Claghorn!

She had a loaf of bread under one arm, and a big sack of broken crackers on the other. She wore a blue-print dress, clean, of course, hut shrunken and graceless as a husk. Yet her long, supple, swinging body carried those limp gores like Diana's peplum, and under the great, folded braids her face was carved from pearl, and her dark eyes were dark stars.

She didn't see us. She drifted by, bread and crackers poised on one slim wrist, her head high, her face moon-pale, moon-calm.

Ned stopped dead. His gray eyes flared. His hard young mouth curved in a soundless whistle. "For the love of Mike, Cousin Lil! Now what do you know about that?"

The queerest thrilly shiver went over me. "The girl in blue, you mean?"

"The girl we just passed, I mean. There's not another like her in all Salerno—nor on this continent—nor on the farthest star. Pronto, Cousin Lil—hike!"

"Just let me get it in edgewise, Ned. That girl is Judith Claghorn."

"Judith Claghorn! That long-legged tomboy that used to tear around Main street—that old goat Claghorn's daughter?"

"The identical one."

Ned stared straight ahead,—a curious, brooding stare. "That goddess! Little Judy Claghorn! The pert little shrimp that used to do toe dances at the Elks' benefits! Gosh!"

I laughed. But that uncanny prickle went down my back again. However, Ned was a man of the world. He knew perfectly well how Judith Claghorn had been talked about. I needn't worry.

I DIDN'T worry—not for three weeks. Then, along with the rest of Salerno, I fell off my chair with a thud. Through town like wildfire leaped the news that Ned Dwight had taken Judith Claghorn to Parkins' Opera House, to see "Peg o' My Heart"! And Salerno had not caught its breath until Ned's new car, a sixty-horsepower gray flyer, was shipped in from New York. Judith Claghorn, pale, grave, aloof, in her plain serge coat and battered little turban, was the first, last, and only girl to sit beside Ned and ride that gray whirlwind.

Again Salerno seethed. But there was more to follow.

The Woman's Club lawn party was to be given, as always, on the Dwight grounds. A week before Ned came to me. He spoke rather bruskly.

"Cousin Lil, are you yearning to do me a favor?"

"To be sure."

Ned stood on the porch, looking out on the view. I am rather proud of my view. My house is just across the drive from Dwight Castle, set well out on the bluff. You look away down the green slopes, then on up the wide, sleepy river till the great dam lifts its misty walls against the hot, pale sky. That day they were beginning to reinforce the east walls; for the June rise threatened trouble. The men working on it were black motes against that misty gray, that silver blue.

Ned stared and stared. His face took on a curious veiled look.

"It's about Judy Claghorn. I—I want to take her to the garden party. Not but what it'll be a ghastly bore; but—" He stopped. His clear, dark face reddened slowly. "Only—I find she doesn't accept many invitations. She's inclined to stay out of things."

Yes, poor child, she was out of things!

"And I want—hang it, Cousin Lil! Can't you see?" The red burnt deep. "I want her to meet my friends—in my own house!"

I felt a little sick. Yet you couldn't steel your heart against that flushed, chivalrous young face.

"She—she is not willing to go with me. But—well, I want you and Mother to tog up and go call on her and her mother. Then ask her to go with you to the party."

"But, Ned, your mother would never—you don't understand, Dear."

"I understand a darn sight better than I wish I did!" Ned's jaw set, granite. "All you need do is, march Mother down there, and give that invitation. I'm banking on you, Cousin Lil."

Well, I did my best. But Louisa Dwight only laughed at me.

"It's too absurd to discuss, Lil." She folded both fair, jeweled hands calmly. Her large, fair face never changed expression. "Judith Claghorn indeed! I really must speak to Ned. He'll turn the poor child's head."

"Then you won't call on her?"

"Call on her? I think I see myself!"

"Well, I will. So there!" said I hotly. And I put on my prettiest gown and went forthwith.

Judy was at home. She was very gentle, very gracious. Yes, she would be glad to go, as my guest—with the bow of a young princess, who confers, not receives. It piqued me, even while I gloried in her spunk.

OH, that garden party! My knees shake when I remember. But Judith drifted past those staring, hostile faces tranquil as the June night. As for Louisa! Canny Louisa met Judith with the most disarming friendliness. But three days later came the afterclap.

At dusk Ned came striding up the castle porch, where Louisa and I sat sewing. Louisa glanced up and met her son's eyes. I caught that look. I jumped up and snatched my work.

"Stop, Cousin Lil. I want you too." Ned stood looming, gigantic. His angry eyes fastened on his mother's fair, calm face. "Listen, Mother. Did you write to Judith, as I asked you to do?"

Louisa's glance met his with a shock of challenge. "I did not write to Miss Claghorn."

"May I ask why not?"

"I do not propose to help wreck my son's future."

Ned drew a sharp breath. "You mean—"

"I mean what I say. You bid me write and ask Miss Claghorn when I may call on her. Further, you ask me to plan a family dinner in her honor. Can't you see the significance of such an invitation?"

"I sure can. And I want its significance made mighty clear. D'you, get me, Mother? Don't you understand?

Louisa turned pale. "You mean—you have asked Judith Claghorn to marry you?"

"I mean that I shall marry Judith Claghorn. She won't say yes yet; but she will." His eyes darkened. A curious thrill ran through his splendid body, a throb of power. "Please meet her halfway, Mother!"

"Meet her halfway! Judith Claghorn!" No, Louisa didn't mean to. But rage and amazement carried her past all bounds. "Marry a nobody, and worse than nobody! Marry a girl who all her life has been talked about!"

Ned didn't speak at once. He waited to get a grip on himself. At last he spoke, very steady and low. "You don't mean what you say, Mother. Now please try to realize that Judith Claghorn is to be my wife. That's settled. Now won't you try to know Judy as she really is? Mother! Won't you even try to get next to her?"

Louisa laughed out. It was the most cruel sound I ever heard. "I know Judy quite too well, as it is. I shall never open the door of this house to a Claghorn, Ned—that is all!"

That laugh did it. White to his lips, Ned turned, leaped on his horse, and galloped off down the hill. Louisa smiled after him.

"I suppose every man goes mad once in his life, over some trifling girl. Thank Heaven this will all blow over in a month!"

I didn't answer. It was no use.

A WEEK later, at nine one night a motorcar pounded up my hill. The bell rang, a sharp peal. I ran to the door. There in the starlight stood Ned Dwight. Beside him, white and still and frozen, stood Judith Claghorn.

"You're all alone, Cousin Lil? Good! I want to talk to you. And—I want you to talk to Judy."

My heart sank. But I led them in.

"Judy is going to marry me tonight. There'll be just her parents and ourselves. But we want you too."

I opened my astonished mouth. But Judy shut it for me.

"No! I am not going to marry you tonight, nor any other night—not till your own people really want me. And they never will!"

"But, Judith—"

Judith spoke straight on. Her beautiful, deep voice dragged, lifeless. Her soft hand lay icy in my own. "Hark, Ned! You put me into the car, and brought me up here, whether or no, 'to talk it over with Cousin Lil.' But there's nothing to talk over. Your mother does not want you to marry me. She is right. It would spoil everything for you. So I will not marry you!"

She meant it, every word. There was supreme determination in every note of that beautiful, exhausted voice. In a flash I looked back fifteen years, and saw the little, furious, shamed Judy standing at bay before the whole Sunday school. I knew that the royal courage that had upheld her then upheld her now.

Then Ned spoke, under his breath. "All right. But you've forgotten one thing, Judith."


"You've forgotten that you love me."

Judith looked at him, straight and clear. Over her drawn, tormented young face there flashed a strange, splendid radiance. "No, I did not forgot. I do love you. I shall love you always."

She did not move. Nor did Ned. But the two young creatures swayed toward each other as if blown by some compelling, mighty wind.

"Darn Cousin Louisa!" I choked. Then I spoke up. "Seems to me that makes some difference, Judy."

But Judy drew back from us both. That divine glow had faded as swiftly as it had come. "It makes all the difference in the world. That's why I'm not going to cut him off from his own folks. That's why I sha'n't spoil his whole life. And—that's all."

She turned to the door. Ned followed, defiant but dazed.

"You can take me home now, Ned. Goodnight, Miss Lillie."

AFTER that the hot spring days went by as like as so many beads off a string. All those days I felt as if the sweet air pulsed with thickening, angry menace. I would look across the drive at Louisa, sitting at her work, so fair and bland, and long to take her by her fair neck and wring all the stubborn hatefulness out of her with one fell twist. But I need not have bestirred myself. That task was in more powerful hands than mine. One week more—and the great blow fell.

One of the Centrals told us about it between her sobs, the day after, when we were all huddled up at the castle, waiting, waiting for news.

It was the slack time of afternoon. She herself was crocheting; two other gins were larking at the window, Judy writing at her desk. Suddenly the emergency signal shrilled out, loud and high.

Judy ran to the board. Her velvety, deep voice answered.

"Yes. Salerno Central. This is the dam office talking? You what? Want to warn us? Oh, nonsense! No joking, please. We're too busy—"

A pause. Then Judith's hand flashed to the switchboard. She called her home number. Her voice rang like a terrible bell.

"Mama! Mama! Oh, it's Papa. Papa honey, you tell me the truth now—honest to gospel! Have you been drinking today? You haven't touched a drop since your bitters this morning? You swear to it? Then hark! The dam has gone out—yes, the big dam. The flood will be here in ten minutes. You get Mama up the hill. Don't stop for anything—not even the teaspoons. You hear me?"

She whirled on the startled girls. Her voice poured through the room.

"You, M'ree! Call up Lincoln School. Tell them to get the children out quick. Lou, you call the depot and the paper mill. Belle, you take the levee stores. I'll take the farms below town—"

That was all the girl could tell; for Panic swept Belle and Lou and M'ree with a black wing, and screaming they tore down the stairs, and away like mænads they flew, up the hill. But Judith Claghorn stayed.

SHE must have worked like a machine those fifteen racing minutes; for she got Lincoln School, and the paper mill, and the plow works, and the Q., B. & C., and enough stores to spread the alarm through Polack Town. She got the bridge contract shack, ten miles down river, and so saved sixty-odd men; "not to speak of the Bohunks," as the head dredge runner gulped next day. She got the poor farm and the box factory, and the deaf Flahertys beyond the roundhouse. And she must have just finished calling the Flahertys when that great, yellow, foaming wall drove down on Salerno, and picked up Telephone Building, and ripped it apart as you'd rip a strawberry box, and sent it spinning down on the vast, wild wave ahead.

Maybe Judgment Day will be more exciting than that day of the flood; but it won't be any queerer. I was standing at Seaver's fancy goods counter, matching buttonhole twist, when Gus Seaver plunged down the aisle, bellowing the news. And first everybody stared; then

we all laughed uncertainly at Gus; then, a shrieking, frenzied crew, we rushed out of the store and went staggering and blundering up the hill. I looked up river, and saw it coming: still three miles away, but rushing down like all the stampeding horses in the world. A pillar of mist streamed before it,—a roaring that shook the earth. I cried out, and staggered on. And I'd barely reached Heidloff's Home Bakery when, with all the thunder of an avalanche, the whistle and swoop of a cloudburst, that toppling crest bore down on Salerno. I lunged inside the tiny, rocking bakery, and crouched by the window, and stared past the trays of stale coffee cake, out at that rolling torrent, as it licked up Lower Town and threw it away, just a huddle of torn walls and roofs and twisting, splintered timbers.

Yes, it was like looking on at the Last Day. I sank down, sick and faint. When I came to myself Mrs. Heidloff was holding ammonia under my nose and crying loudly. I crept to the window. That roaring flood had passed. But now the river spread four miles wide, an angry maelstrom, flecked with foam. Shacks, cabins, mills,—all Lower Town had vanshed.

"All gone!" said I, and I began to whimper too.

"But, Gott sei dank! the folks all got out alive!" said Mrs. Heidloff. "It was Chief Operator saved them. She stood by and warned every soul on the levee, bless her heart of gold!"

"Chief Operator! Miss Claghorn, you mean?"

Slow ice trickled through my veins. "But Telephone Building is gone! And poor Judy—Judy—"

THEN came the roar of a racing motor. The door banged open. Dripping, gasping, coated with mire, in plunged Ned Dwight. Blood ran from a broad gash across his forehead. His eyes flared from his bruised, clay-stained face like live coals.

"Cousin Lil! Thank the good Lord!" He gripped me tight. "Mother and the rest are safe at home. But where can Judith Claghorn be? They tell me all the girls left Telephone Building at the first alarm. But I've hunted for Judy everywhere—"

I tried to speak; but my mouth stuck together. Mrs. Heidloff answered him. She hid her face in her arms and lifted a keening wail.

Ned slumped back against the door. The words came from his mouth in queer, slow whispers. "So she—she saved everybody else—this whole infernal town! She stayed by—till it was too late! And—here I've been helping gather up that chattering Polack crew—while she was swept out, thrown away—she, worth more than all the souls in this town put together! Oh, Judy, my girl, my own girl! My rose of all the world!"

He plunged out. We heard his car roar away down the hill, on, on to the rim of that boiling flood. And we knew that inch by inch, the night long, he would search those miry banks for some trace of the girl he loved.

All night we women worked. Louisa Dwight had opened the castle to everybody. Thither we brought them, the blank, cowering women from Polack Town, the stunned men, the wailing children. We fed them hot soup and coffee, and tied up their hurts, and tucked them up on quilt shakedowns, and petted and comforted them. Louisa was a whole Red Cross in herself. But right in the thick of things didn't she rush down to the Park Hotel, and gather up the Colonel and Mrs. Claghorn, and bring them home, willy nilly, and fuss over them as if they'd been royalty?

But they didn't notice her much. All night Mrs. Claghorn sat bolt upright in her chair, her lean hands fiercely clenched on her lap. She never once spoke. She just moaned and moaned, like an animal that was slowly tortured to its last breath.

And the poor old Colonel! All the pomp and bombast were washed out of him. Sodden, quivering, he huddled on the piazza the night long, peering, peering out; watching, like a pitiful old dog, for the face he loved.

At dawn came a heavy, cold rain. All day it poured down, with a wind as rough as March. Hour by hour we waited, listened. There came only bulletins of disaster. The flood had swept the valley towns for thirty miles. The loss of life was appalling. But for Judith Claghorn's work, lower Salerno would have been added to that tragic list. Judith Claghorn! All her life she'd been the girl who was talked about. Today, a thousand times over, she was the girl who was talked about; but on what trembling lips of gratitude, with what a multitude of voices choked with love and praise and grief!

At noon I dragged Louisa from the kitchen by main force, and put her down on her own bed.

"You haven't stopped to draw a single breath since the flood struck the town," I scolded.

Louisa turned heavy eyes to me. All her plump, bland fairness was parched and shriveled. She looked worn and shattered and old.

"I'll never dare stop to breathe again," she muttered, "nor stop to think—when I remember what my boy is suffering! Searching, searching—and he'll never find her; for she has given up her life for Salerno, as surely as if she had stepped into a martyr's fire! And when I dare to think—"

"Then don't think," said I, crying as hard as I could cry. "Just wait till something happens."

And so we waited.

All afternoon the telephone rang with frantic questions; but there came no word from Ned. Louisa and I did not speak of him again. But well I knew that we saw him every minute,—searching, searching, through black ooze and yellow mire, past heaped timbers and crushing falls of brush, for the lovely flesh that was as his own flesh—his rose of all the world.

"No, we have no word from Mr. Ned Dwight." At dusk, for the fiftieth time, I was answering the Post Despatch at the telephone. "Yes, he is searching alone. Yes, over three hundred men from Salerno are searching for her too. But we dare not hope—"

THE receiver fell from my hand. Up the hill came the long, high peal of a motor horn.

I fled across the piazza, on down the rain-soaked turf. A long, gray car, spattered with clay, was plunging up the hill. Through the dusk I glimpsed Ned's face at the wheel. The car halted, then turned abruptly into my own path, across the drive.

Then I ran as if on wings. But past me fled one swifter still. Staggering, trembling, Louisa Dwight rushed out to the car.

"Ned, Ned!" Her voice rang with a great and piteous cry. "Bring Judith to me, Son! Bring her over here—to her own home!"

Ned leaped out. He stood there in the muddy road and stared at Louisa's wild, pleading face. Then he went to his mother like a little boy, and threw his great, muddy arms round her neck and buried his face in her shoulder.

"No!" sobbed Louisa fiercely. "Let me!" for the rest of us were at the tonneau now, trying, with sick hearts, to lift the limp bundle wedged in the cushions. "No! Let Ned and me take her. It is our right!"

Together she and Ned lifted that limp, sheathed body. Together they carried it into the house, and laid it on the great couch in the library. Louisa bent and looked at that beautiful, rigid face. Then she cried out, in anguished pity:

"Go away, Ned dear. We can't do anything. It—it isn't any use to try!"

"Yes, it is, Mother." Ned stooped and straightened the poor, torn young body, and smoothed the drenched, bloodstained braids above the waxen forehead. "We've a chance left, anyhow. So let's get busy."

And we got busy.

It was near midnight, and we still worked,—the two doctors, grim and alert; Louisa, deft and gentle, her face deep- marked with fatigue, her eyes tear-wet and hopeless. Across in the sitting room, Mrs. Claghorn moaned in her deep chair. Squatted by the door, the old Colonel waited, his puffy hands quivering, his old blotched face a mask of father-agony as terrible as Lear's. But Ned Dwight saw none of these things. He saw nothing but the beautiful, deathlike face that lay against his arm. Always he crouched there, holding her limp body close, gripping the lax, cold hands in his great, burning clasp, as if the mighty pulse of his love and passion and pleading could warm her sinking heart again to life.

At last, somewhere past midnight, Ned spoke. And the love and joy in his voice would break your heart.

"Judy! Judy! Open your eyes, my darling! You're better! You're coming back to me!"

Then, as if his cry had led her back, through the last dusk-returning corridor, those heavy lashes lifted. And first she saw her father's poor, broken old face. She smiled, and tried to wave her hand to him.

"Good for you, Papa honey! You got Mama up the hill all right, didn't you?" she whispered in her tired, tired voice. Then she met Ned's eyes—and there was silence.

And then, like the utter fools we were, Louisa and I and the other social leaders who'd been working over her just threw ourselves on her, and cried over her, and told her, in sobs and sniffles and shaking, eager words, just what we thought of her, for chancing her own life to save the town. At first she didn't seem to understand. Then she frowned, and a dim, fretted color rose in her wan cheek.

"Oh, don't! Please don't!" she whispered, shrinking back into Ned's shielding arms. "I didn't do anything—not anything at all."

"Oh, no, you didn't do anything!" we chorused in tender mockery, looking tearfully at one another.

But Judith's eyes had lifted once more. And you'll know precisely what I mean when I tell you that now her words drove through us like two-edged swords. We, who had criticized her, and snubbed her, and scorned her! We, who had left her to fight her own way, all her bitter, lonely young life! Deep into our bland, Pharisee hearts those words thrust, and cut us to the quick.

"Oh, don't!" Her beautiful, deep voice shook on the words like a muted violin. "Don't—please! Wouldn't everyone of you have done the same for me?"

Next week: Who Was Marie Dupont?"

everyweek Page 8Page 8

How to Make Your Will


IF you have $50,000, it does not matter whether you make your will or not; if you have only $500, it is absolutely necessary. Read this article by a member of the New York bar and learn why.


"The making of your will is the best life insurance you can obtain."

EVERY poor man ought to make his will. This assertion will seem strange and unwarranted to a good many people, particularly to those to whom the word "estate" means a large property. The making of a will is assumed to be the business of those who when they die expect to leave a good deal of wealth behind them. It seems a superfluity in the case of the man who has only a pittance to dispose of.

As a matter of fact, to a rich man a will is merely a luxury, a convenience; his estate can get along without it. To the poor man it is an absolute necessity. Let us look at it.

John Doe is a struggling individual, too poor by far to have his will drawn: at least that's what he thinks. He dies unexpectedly. He dies without a will. He leaves, we'll say, a wife and a child under age. He owns at the time of his death, say, five hundred dollars in a savings bank, and a lot on which some day he hoped to build,—a lot worth perhaps another five hundred. So we'll put John Doe's estate down at one thousand dollars, half realty, half personalty.

The Difficulties Begin

DON'T forget that he dies without a will.

His wife finds herself in a position where she needs to draw on the savings bank account: perhaps she'll need it all.

She finds herself in a position where it is advisable to sell the vacant lot.

When John Doe dies her first legal step is to take out letters of administration. To do this she must give a bond in double the amount of the personal estate; that is, she must furnish a one-thousand-dollar bond. This bond must be filed with the surrogate. It must be signed by two individuals, each of whom owns real estate equal in value to at least double the amount of the bond.

So her first actual step is to go to some of John's friends and ask them to go on her bond. Does she want to ask any of his friends to go on her bond? She does not. (Perhaps, too, he has no friends; perhaps she and John were strangers in a strange land). However, suppose she screws her courage up and asks them, will they consent? To sign a bond means to assume liability. To go on her bond means that


"Is there no remedy? There is. His wife may apply to the court. How much will be left of John's $1,000 when these three get through with it?"

they severally guarantee that she will dispose of the estate according to law. To dispose of it legally means that she must first pay debts, and that the balance belongs one-third to herself and two-thirds to her child.

Assume that they go on her bond. Suppose then that she takes a notion to draw the five hundred dollars from the bank and go South to her old home, without the slightest regard to her legal obligations. The sureties on her bond would be liable to the creditors to the extent of at least five hundred dollars. However, if they do go on her bond, well and good. If they won't—why, she has another alternative. There are surety companies.

Cost of Getting the $500

A SURETY company will furnish a bond for, say, ten dollars a year or so. But it will protect itself: it will take charge of the five hundred dollars in such manner that she can dispose of the five hundred dollars only according to law.

This means that her privilege to use the money at the very period when she most needs it—that is, immediately following the death of John Doe—is seriously curtailed. The surety company, to protect itself, must see that creditors are paid, that the infant's share is held intact, that the law is satisfied. It may require her to have her accounts legally settled at the end of a year. It may require her to have herself appointed guardian of the child—and to do that she would again have to give a bond.

Don't get it into your head that the surety company is an ogre. It performs a much needed service. Today an administratrix without friends can always get a bond. Fifty years ago she couldn't.

Widow Can't Sell the Real Estate

SO far, you perceive, we have addressed ourselves only to John Doe's five-hundred-dollar bank account, his personal estate. But we are not through with the estate of the man who did not leave a will. There is his building lot. His wife needs the money on it. She wants to sell it. Can she? She cannot. Why? Because she doesn't own it. And an administratrix deals only with personalty. Her interest in it as John's widow is merely the income of one-third of it for life. The lot belongs to the child. Can the child sell it? The child cannot. Why not? Because the child is under age.

Is there no remedy? There is. The law furnishes the remedy. After being appointed guardian of the child, with bonds, the wife of John Doe may then apply to the court on the child's behalf, and ask the court for leave to sell the lot. The court takes testimony, investigates, satisfies itself of the necessity and the advantages of a sale,—always considering only the child's interest,—and finally orders a sale.

Such is the experience of John Doe's widow after John has died without a will. You may figure out for yourself the legal expense of the various proceedings outlined. How much has come out of John's thousand dollars to pay for this expense? It is fair to say that two hundred and fifty dollars, or one-quarter of John's entire estate, would not be an un-usual or remarkable deduction. The amount of work involved would be just as much as though John Doe had left ten thousand dollars. And John Doe's wife and child lose the two hundred and fifty. They are that much out of pocket; to say nothing of the worry, the delay, the interminable anxiety, the detail, the corre-spondence, the interviews, the explanations, apologies, nightmares.

A Good Will for $25

IS the will a poor man's institution? Let us see. Is it a necessity to the man of moderate means? Let us take the case of Richard Roe.

Richard Roe made his will. Probably he paid a lawyer ten dollars for drawing it, possibly twenty-five dollars. He provided in his will that his wife should be executrix, with power of sale and without bonds. And then, having done this sane and safe act, Richard Roe, in due course, died.

His wife—probably without a lawyer—took the will and the two witnesses to the surrogate's office. It was probated. If she employed a lawyer, it certainly cost her no more than it cost Mrs. John Doe to take out letters of administration, and probably not so much. Mrs. Richard Roe gives no bond. She is not beholden to Richard's friends, nor does she pay the fee of a surety company, nor is she under its surveillance. She gets her letters testamentary, goes to the bank, and draws the money. She pays the debts. If it is important for herself and the child to go back home to California, she goes—and uses the necessary funds. If she wants to sell the lot, she sells it, under her power of sale. Practically she doesn't have to account, because, if she be the solo legatee and devisee in the will,—and Richard made her such,—she's the only person interested in the estate. It is actually possible—assuming that she has a ready customer—to reduce the entire estate to cash inside of a month. And when that is done that ends it. She's got it. She can do what she likes with it. And her expenses haven't amounted to fifty dollars.

Costs $250 Not to Make a Will

NET result: John Doe neglected to make a will, probably because it would cost him ten dollars, and the family couldn't afford it. His failure cost his wife easily two hundred and fifty dollars, and turned her hair prematurely gray.

Richard Roe made his will, paid for it like a man, and saved his wife two hundred dollars or so in cash, and about five thousand dollars' worth of worry.

The rich man doesn't need a will nearly so much as does John Doe. Why? Because the legal expense of administering the rich man's estate—even with many complications—may be a mere drop in the bucket as compared with the bulk of the estate. At any rate, nobody feels it. What practical difference does a deduction of five thousand dollars make in an estate of one hundred thousand dollars? But John Doe's estate would be wiped out by a charge one-fifth as large as that.

John Doe didn't know that the making of a simple will—such as Richard Roe left behind him—is the simplest thing in the world.

How to Draw Your Will

JOHN DOE isn't dead yet, by the way, and we'll do something for John. We'll make his will right now—and we'll show him how and why we make it as we do. Here, then, is a simple sample of a perfectly good and valid will:

All my estate I devise and bequeath to my wife, for her own use and benefit forever, and hereby appoint her my executor, without bonds, with full power to sell, mortgage, lease, or in any other manner to dispose of the whole or any part of my estate.

Dated May 1, 1915. JOHN DOE (Seal)

Subscribed, sealed, published, and declared by John Doe, testator above named, as and for his last will, in presence of each of us, who, at his request, in his presence, in presence of each other, at the same time, have hereto subscribed our names as witnesses this May 1, 1915, at the City of New York.

THOS. NOAKES, 5 East 5th street, Boro.
Manhattan, N. Y. City. OLIVER STILES, 3 East 5th street, Boro.
Manhattan, N. Y. City.

That will does everything for Mrs. John Doe that Richard Roe's will did for Richard's wife. It seems simple, doesn't it. And if John will follow the directions contained in this discussion,—if he will follow the directions,—he can make just as good a simple will as any lawyer can make for him. But he must obey orders, particularly when he comes to execute his will.

To John Doe, perhaps, the foregoing

sample will seems without form and void. He misses the solemn introduction, "In the name of God, amen!!" He misses the testamentary asseveration, "Being of sound mind, memory, and understanding." He doesn't find any suggestion as to the uncertainty of life. The familiar word "heirs" is missing; so is the word "testament." Probably everything is missing that John thinks essential, and if we left John Doe to his own devices, he would probably supply all the aforesaid missing phrases, and—leave out everything else. But all these are non-essentials. The essentials will be found in the sample will cited heretofore.

Now for John's instructions: Let John sit down at his convenience with a sheet of any kind of paper, and let him take in hand a pen. Let him write out the first clause set forth—he can do it alone. Nobody need see him do it. He doesn't have to mention in it that it is his last will and testament—not in the body of the will. He doesn't have to mention his child. He doesn't have to detail his property. He doesn't have to give his child anything—popular opinion to the contrary notwithstanding. "All my estate" conveys all that he will leave—everything. It is wise to use "devise and bequeath," because the word "devise" applies to real estate and "bequeath" to personalty. And, by the way, let John be sure, if he use the word "personalty," not to spell it "personality." But he won't use it: he doesn't have to. The term "without bonds" explains itself. But the important, money-saving device in John Doe's will is the magic phrase "with full power to sell," etc. If John owns realty (not "reality"), that clause is vital.

Now, having written out everything in the first clause, save the date, John may also write underneath it, at the extreme right hand, the word "Seal" or the letters "L. S." (locus sigilli), "place of the seal." He doesn't have to attach a real seal unless he so desires.

But he must not sign it yet. Nor should he date it; though that is really immaterial, because the date of actual execution is always susceptible of proof.

Still in his closed room, let him add the second clause, the clause for the witnesses. This is known as the "attestation clause," and is to be signed by them. This clause is also, to the lawyer's way of thinking, of vital importance; but as a matter of fact it need not be added, if the formalities are all observed, and if the memories of the witnesses later serve them well. However, it should never be omitted. Re-read that clause, and you will find that it contains scarcely a superfluous word. Watch the instructions here given and compare them with the clause, and you will see that they tally.

Having written out his will and the clause below it, John calls in two neighbors, or in some States three—he calls

Continued on page 18

When Aunty Got the News



Foster Lincoln

"Why didn't you tell me before that you had such a grand name?"

SAY, I expect it ain't good form to get chesty over your relations, specially when they're so new as mine; but I've got to hand it to Mr. Kyrle Ballard. After three weeks' tryout he shapes up as some grand little great-uncle, take it from me!

First off, you know, I had him card indexed as havin' more or less tabasco in his temper'ment, with a wide grumpy streak runnin' through his ego. And he is kind of crisp and snappy in his talk, I'll admit. Strangers might think he was a grouch toter. But that's just his way. It's all on the outside. Back of that gruff, off-hand talk and behind them bushy, gray eyebrows there's a lot of fun and good nature. One of the kind that's never seemed to grow up, Uncle Kyrle is, sixty-odd and still a kid; always springin' some josh or other, and disguisin' the good turns he does with foolish remarks. And to hear him string Aunt Martha along from one thing to another is sure a circus.

"Good morning, Sister Martha," says he blowin' in to a late Sunday breakfast, all pinked up in the cheeks from a cold tub and a clean shave. "I trust that you begin the day with a deep conviction of sin?"

"Why, I—I suppose I do, Kyrie," says she, gettin' fussed. "That is, I try to."

"Good!" says Uncle Kyrle. "It is important that someone in this family should recognize that this is a sad and wicked world, with Virtue below par and Honest Worth going baggy at the knees. Zenobia here has no conviction of sin whatever. Mine is rather weak at times. So you, Martha, must do the piety for all of us. And please ring for the griddle cakes and sausage."

Then he winks at Zenobia, gives his grapefruit a sherry bath, and proceeds to tackle a hearty breakfast.

A FEW days after him and Zenobia got back from their runaway honeymoon trip he calls her to the front door. "There's a person out here who says he has a car for you," says he.

"Nonsense!" says Zenobia. "Why, I haven't ordered a car."

"The impudent rascal!" says Uncle Kyrie. "I'll send him off, then. The idea!"

"Oh, but isn't it a beauty?" says Zenobia, peekin' out. "Let's see what he says about it first."

So they go out to the curb, while Uncle Kyrie demands violent of the young chap in charge what he means by such an outrage. At which the party grins and shows the tag on the steerin' wheel.

"Why!" says Zenobia. "It has my name on it. Oh, Kyrie, you dear man! I've a notion to hug you."

"Tut, tut!" says he. "Such a bad example to set the neighbors! Besides, this young man may object. He has a Y. M. C. A. certificate as a first class chauffeur."

That's the way he springs on Aunt Zenobia an imported landaulet, this year's model, all complete even to monogrammed laprobes and a morocco vanity case in the tonneau. It's one of these low-hung French cars, with an eight-cylinder motor that runs as sweet as the purr of a kitten.

Then here Sunday noon he takes me one side confidential. "Torchy," says he, "could you assist a poor but deserving citizen to retain the respect of his chauffeur?"

"Go on, shoot it," says I.

"Don't be rash, young man," says he, "for the situation is desperate. You see, Herman seems to think we ought to use the machine more than we do. Just to please him we have been whirled through thousands of miles of adjacent suburbs during the last week. Still Herman is unsatisfied. Would it be asking too much if I requested you to let him take you out for the afternoon?"

I gives him the grin. "Maybe I could stand it for this once." says I.

"Noble youth!" says he. "You deserve the iron cross. And should there be perchance anyone who could be induced to share your self sacrifice—"

The grin plays tag with my ears. "How'd you guess?" says I.

Uncle Kyrie winks and pikes off.

SO about two-thirty P.M. I'm landed at a certain number on Madison avenue and runs jaunty up the front steps. I was hopin' Aunty would either be out or takin' her after-dinner nap. But when it comes to forecastin' her moves you got to figure on reverse English nine cases out of ten. And if ever you want a picture of had luck to hang up anywhere, get a portrait of Aunty. Out? She's right on hand, as stiff and sour as a frozen dill pickle. Her way of greetin' me cordial as I'm shown into the drawin' room is by humping her eyebrows and passin' me the marble stare.

"Well, young man?" says she.

"Why," says I, "not so well as I was a couple of minutes—er—that it's a fine, spiffy afternoon, ain't it?"

"Spiffy!" says she, drawin' in her breath menacin'.

"Vassarese for lovely," says I. "But I don't insist on the word. By the way, is Miss Vee in?"

"She is," says Aunty. "This is not Friday evening, however."

"All, say!" says I. "Can't we suspend the rules and regulations for once? You see, I got a machine outside that's a reg'lar—well, it's some car, believe me!—and seein' how there couldn't be a slicker day for a spin, I didn't know but what you'd let Vee off for an hour or so."

"Just you and Verona?" demands Aunty, stiffenin'.

It was some pill to swallow, but after a few uneasy throat wiggles I got it down. "Unless," says I, "you—you'd like to go along too. You wouldn't, would you?"

Aunty indulges in one of them tight-lipped smiles of hers that's about as merry as a crack in a vinegar cruet. "How thoughtful of you!" says she. "However, I am not fond of motoring."

I don't know whether someone punctured an air cushion just then, or whether it was me heavin' a sigh of relief. "Ain't you?" says I. "But Vee's strong for it, and if you don't mind—"

"My niece is writing letters," says Aunty, "and asked not to be disturbed until after five o'clock."

"But in this case," I goes on, "maybe she'd sidetrack the letters if you'd send up word how—"

"Young man," says Aunty, settin' her chin firm, "I think you are quite aware of

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Thrilling Moments in the New Moving Picture Plays


Mary Pickford, who has recently signed a contract for 52 weeks at $2,000 a week, as a little chorus girl taking a calling-down from the stage manager. The film is called "Behind the Scenes," and its interest lies in the picturesqueness of the accessories and in the charm of Mary Pickford's mobile little face.


Of all types of moving picture plays, the Western cowboy drama, which gets its effects by playing on the big primitive instincts, is most enduringly successful. The poker game in "The Measure of a Man," where one of the crowd is caught cheating at cards, is a brilliant example of how the emotions of a whole roomful of people can be focused on a single figure so as to intensify tenfold its dramatic significance.


The old cripple has just received the mysterious "three of hearts," which means his death warrant. In the background the man and woman who have conspired against him stand watching out of hard eyes the expression on the old man's face. This is the critical moment in the "Trey of Hearts."


There is no action in this remarkable scene from "The Straight Road"; but the four motionless figures—the wayward girl sitting miserable but rebellious by the deathbed of her father, the sick man, the priest holding out the crucifix, and the doctor counting off the seconds, make an ensemble of singular impressiveness. It may be counted on to hold an audience in breathless absorption.


The story of a young girl, fighting her way against desperate odds is one of which audiences never tire. In this scene from "The Crucible" where the heroine is turned out of the sweatshop because she has been in a girls' reformatory, every coat tail is arranged with consummate skill. Note the expression of the girl's faces, ranging all the way from curiosity, to acute sympathy, and the wonderful pose of the heroine herself, in which every of her figure helps to tell the story.

Next week on these pages: "Is Life Worth Living After Seventy?"


This extraordinary picture shows King Baggot, one of the most successful motion picture actors in the country, playing the parts of two men simultaneously. The play is "The Corsican Brothers," a moving picture dramatization of Dumas' novel. The film was made by taking double exposures.


Standing guard over her sick mother, the daughter turns to repulse the young tough who is trying to take advantage of her need and her inexperience. The scene is from "White Roses," and has all the best elements of moving picture drama,—pathos, danger, the appeal of chivalrous youth and courage, the conflict between two kinds of character. Ella Hall, a comparatively new star, plays the part of the heroine.


It is interesting to contrast this picture with the one on the left. This scene (from "The Open Drawbridge") represents a young girl, fighting a gang of train robbers to prevent them from throwing open the drawbridge and wrecking the approaching train. It is pure, old-fashioned melodrama of the frankest variety, and Right prevails, as it always must—at least in melodrama.


Attempting to escape from the hiding place where he has overheard the plot of the conspirators, W.S. Hart, as the hero of "On the Night Stage," gets a wonderful effect of mystery and peril by the skilful use of lighting. The scene has twice as much thrill as if it took place in broad daylight.

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my attitude. Your persistent attentions to my niece are wholly unwelcome. True, you are no longer a mere office boy; but—well, just who are you?"

"Private sec. of Mutual Funding," says I.

"And a youth known as Torchy?" she adds sarcastic.

"Yes; but see here!" says I. "I've just dug up a—"

"That will do," she breaks in. "We have discussed all this before. And I've no doubt you think me simply a disagreeable, crotchety old person. Has it ever occurred to you, however, that you may have failed to get my point of view? Can you not conceive then that it might be somewhat humiliating to me to know that my maids suppress a smile as they announce—Mr. Torchy? Understand, I am not censuring you for being a nameless waif. No, do not interrupt. I realize that this is something for which you should not be held responsible. But can't you see, young man—"

"If I can't," I cuts in, "I need an eye doctor bad. I'll tell you what I'll do about this name business, though. I'm going to issue a white paper on the subject."

"A—a what?" says Aunty.

"Seein' you ain't much of a listener," says I, "I'll submit the case in writin'. You win the round, though. And if it don't hurt you too much, you might tell Vee I was here. You can use a bichlorid of mercury mouth wash afterwards, you know."

Saying which, I does the young hero act, swings proudly on muh heel, and exits left center, leavin' Aunty speechless in her chair.

SO Herman and me starts off all by our lonesome, swings into the Grand Boulevard and out through Pelham Parkway to the Boston Post road. Deep glooms for me! Even the way we breezed by speedy roadsters don't bring me any thrills.

I was still chewin' over that zippy roast Aunty had handed me. Nameless waif, eh? Say, that's the rawest she'd ever stated it. Course I was fixed now to show her where she'd overdone the part; but somehow I couldn't seem to frame up any way of gettin' my fam'ly tree on record without seemin' to do it boastful. Besides, Aunty wouldn't take my word for Uncle Kyrle and all the rest. She'd want an affidavit, at least.

But I had made up my mind to have a talk with Vee. I hadn't had more'n a glimpse of her for weeks now, and while I might not feel like givin' her complete details of all that had happened to me recent, I thought I might drop an illuminatin' hint or so. Was I goin' to let a gimlet-eyed old dame with an acetic acid disposition block me off as easy as that?

"Herman," says I, "you can just drop me on Madison avenue as we go down. And you better report at the house before you put up the machine. They may want to be goin' somewhere."

I'd heard Uncle Kyrle speak of promisin' to make a call on someone he'd met lately that he'd known abroad. As for me, I just strolls up and down two or three blocks, takin' a chance that Vee might drift out. But I sticks around near an hour without any luck.

"Huh!" says I to myself at last. "Might as well risk it again, and if I can't run the gate—well, swappin' a few more plain words with Aunty'll relieve my feelin's some, anyway."

WITH that I marches up bold and presses the button. "Say," says I to the maid, "don't tell me Aunty's gone out since I left!"

Selma shakes her head solemn as her mighty Swedish intellect struggles to surround the situation. "Meesis she dress by supper in den room yet," says she.

"Such sadness!" says I. "Maybe there's nobody but Miss Vee downstairs?"

"Ja," says Selma, starin' stupid. "Not nobody else but Miss Verona, no."

"You're a bright girl—from the feet down," says I, pushin' in past her. "Shut the door easy so as not to disturb Aunty and I'll try to cheer up Miss Verona until she comes down. She's in the lib'ry, eh?"

Yep, I was doin' my best. We'd exchanged the greetin's of the season and was camped cozy in a corner davenport just big enough for two, while I was explainin' how tough it was not havin' her along for the drive, and I'd collected one of her hands casual, pattin' it sort of absentminded, when—say, no trained blood-hound has anything on Aunty! There she is, standin' rigid between the double doors glarin' at us accusin'.

"So you returned after all that, did you?" she demands.

"I didn't know but you might want to tack on a postscript," says I.

"Young man," says she, just as friendly as a Special Sessions Judge callin' the prisoner to the bar, "you are quite right. And I wish to say to you now, in the presence of my niece, that—"

"Now, Aunty! Please!" breaks in Verona, shruggin' her shoulders expressive.

"Verona, kindly be silent," goes on Aunty. "This young person known as Torchy has—"

When in drifts Selma and sticks out the silver card plate like she was presentin' arms.

"What is it?" asks Aunty. "Oh!" Then she inspects the names.

For half a minute she stands there, glancin' from me to the cards undecided, and I expect if she could have electrocuted me with a look I'd have sizzled once or twice and then disappeared in a puff of smoke. But her voltage wa'n't quite high


"At last I had her bumping the bumps!"

enough for that. Instead she turns to Selina and gives some quick orders.

"Draw these draperies," says she; "then show in the guests. As for you, young man, wait!"

GEE!" I whispers, as we're shut in. "I wish I knew how to draw up a will."

Vee snickers. "Silly!" says she. "Whatever have you been saying to Aunty now?"

"Me?" says I. "Why, not much. Just a little chat about fam'ly trees and so on, durin' which she—"

Then the arrival chatter in the next room breaks loose, and I stops sudden, starin' at the closed portieres with my mouth open.

"Hello!" says I. "Listen who's here!"

"Who?" says Vee.

"That's so," says I. "You don't know 'em, do you? Well, this adds thickenin' to the plot for fair. Remember hearin' me tell of Aunt Zenobia and her new hubby? Well, that's 'em."

"How odd!" says Vee. "But—why, I've heard his voice before! It was at—oh, I know! The nice old gentleman who had the villa next to ours at Mentone."

"Ballard?" I suggests.

"That's it!" says Vee. "And you say he is—"

"My Uncle Kyrle," says I. "My reg'lar uncle, you know."

"Why, Torchy!" gasps Vee, grabbin' me by the arm. "Then—then you—"

"Listen!" says I. "Hear your Aunty usin' her comp'ny voice. My! ain't she the gentle, cooin' dove, though? Now they're gettin' acquainted. So this was where Uncle Kyrle spoke of callin'! Hot time he picked out for it, didn't he, with me here in the condemned cell? Say, what do you know about that, eh?"

Vee smothers another giggle, and slips one of her hands into mine. "Don't you care!" says she, whisperin'. "And isn't it thrilling? But what shall we do?"

"It's by me," says I. "Aunty told me to wait, didn't she? Well, let's."

Which we done, sittin' there sociable, and every now and then swappin' smiles as the conversation in the next room took a new turn.

Fin'lly Uncle Kyrle remarks, "You had your little niece with you then, didn't you?"

"Little Verona? Oh, yes," says Aunty. "She is still with me. Rather grown up now, though. I must send for her. Pardon me." And she rings for Selma.

Well, that queers the game entirely. Two minutes more, and Vee has been towed in for inspection and I'm left alone in banishment.

"WELL, well!" I can hear Uncle Kyrle sing out. "Why, young lady, what right had you to change from a tow-headed schoolgirl into such a—Zenobia, please face the other way and don't listen, while I try to tell this radiant young person how utterly charming she has become. No, I can't begin to do the subject justice. Twenty or thirty years ago I might have had some success. Ah, me! Those gray eyes of yours, my dear, hold mischief enough to wreck a convention of saints. Ah, blushing, are you? Forgive me. I ought to know better. Let me tell you, though, I've a young nephew with a pair of blue eyes that might be a match for your gray ones. You must allow me to bring him up some day."

And I'd like to have had a glimpse of Vee's face just then. About there, though, Aunty breaks in.

"A nephew, Mr. Ballard?" says she.

"Poor Dick's boy," says he. "The one we hunted all over the States for after Dick took him on that wild goose chase from which he never came back. Let's see, you must have known the youngster's mother,—Irene Ballard."

"That stunning young woman with the copper-red hair whom you introduced at Palermo?" asks Aunty. "Is—is she—"

"No," says Uncle Kyrle. "Poor Irene! She was always doing something for someone, you know, and when this big war got under way—well, she went to the front at the first call from the Red Cross. I might have known she would. I suppose she simply couldn't bear to keep out of it—all that suffering, and so much help needed. No more skilful or efficient hands than hers, I'll wager, Madam, were ever volunteered, nor any braver soul. She was pure gold, Irene."

"And," puts in Aunty, "she was—er—

Uncle Kyrie nods. In a field hospital, under fire," says he, "late last September. That's all we know. Where do you think, though, I ran across that boy of hers? Found him at Zenobia's; found them both rather, at a theater. Sheer luck. For if you'll pardon my saying it, that youth is a nephew I'm going to he proud of some of these days unless I am—"

Say, this was gettin' a little too personal for me. I'd been shiftin' around uneasy for a minute or two, and about then I decided it wouldn't be polite to listen any longer. So I make a dash out the side door into the hall, not knowin' just what to do or where to go. And I bumps into Selma wheelin' in the tea wagon. That gives me a hunch.

"Say, Bright Eyes," says I, pushin' a dollar at her, "take this and ditch that tea stuff for a minute, can't you? Hark-en! There's goin' to be a new arrival at the front door in about a minute, and you must answer the bell. No, don't indulge in that open-face movement. Just watch me close!"

WITH that I slips past the drawin' room entrance, opens the front door gentle, and gives the button a good long push. Then I slides back and digs up card case that Aunt Zenobia has presented me with only a couple of days ago.

"Here!" says I. "Get out your plate and pass one of these to the Missus' That's it. Push it right on her conspicuous. Now! On your way!"

She's real quick at startin', Selma is, when she's shoved brisk from behind. And as she goes through the doorway I stretches my ear to hear what Aunty will say to the new arrival. And, believe me, if I'd given her the lines myself, she couldn't have done it better!

"Mr. Richard Taber Ballard?" says she, readin' the card. Then she turns to Uncle Kyrie. "Why, this must be some—"

"Eh?" says he. "Did you hear that. Zenobia? Torchy, you young rascal, come in here and explain yourself!

"Torchy!" gasps Aunty. "Did—did you say—Torchy?"

"Anybody callin' for me?" says I, steppin' into the room with a grin on.

And to watch that stary look settle in Aunty's eyes, and see the purple tint spread back to her ears, was worth standin' for all the rough deals I'd ever had from her. At last I had her bumpin' the bumps! Sort of dazed she inspects the card once more, and then glances at me; Do you wonder? Richard Taber Ballard. I ain't got used to it myself.

"Here he is," says Uncle Kyrle jovial, draggin' me to the front, "that scamp nephew I was telling you about. The Richard is for his father, you know; the Taber he gets from his mother—also his red hair. Eh, Torchy? And this, young man, is Miss Verona."

HE swings me around facin' her, and I must have acted some sheepish. But trust Vee! What does she do but let loose one of them ripply laughs of hers. Then she steps up, pulls my head down playful with both hands, and looks me square in the eyes.

"Why didn' you tell me before, Torchy," says she, "that you had such a perfectly grand name as all that?"

"Huh!" says I. "A swell chance I've had to tell you anything, ain't I? But if the folks will excuse us for half an hour, I'll tell you all I know about a lot of things."

And, say, Aunty don't even glare after us as we slips through the draperies into the lib'ry, leavin' 'em to explain to each other how I come to be on hand so accidental. The only disturbance comes when Selma butts in pushin' the tea cart, and, just from force of habit, I makes a panicky break-away. After she's insisted on loadin' us up with sandwiches and so forth, though, I slips my arm back where it fits the snuggest.

"Now, Sir," says Vee, "how are going to hold your cup?"

"I'd be willin' to miss out on tea forever," says I, "for a chance like this."

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A brown pelican, one of the inhabitants of Marsh Island, which has been bought by Mrs. Russell Sage and made into an impenetrable refuge for rare birds.

No Guns On This Island

ONE of the most poetic of philanthropies is that of Mrs. Russell Sage, who, at a cost of $150,000, has purchased Marsh Island, off the south coast of Louisiana, and dedicated it as a perpetual refuge for North American birds from the snares and guns of the fowler.

Where the Egret Is Safe

THIS island is one of the best that could be chosen for refuge purposes. In their spring and autumn migrations it is the stopping place for many varieties of birds, and in the winter is frequented by great numbers of wild fowl. It is a natural refuge and breeding place, especially for egrets (which have been almost exterminated, owing to the demands for their snowy plumage), and also for herons, bit-terns, and loons; while in the winter there are many species of shore birds. The yearly slaughter for the island has been something like 100,000.

For many years Mrs. Sage has been interested in bird preservation and a contributor to the Audubon Society. Through the efforts of Edward A. McIlhenny, who some years ago established a bird refuge on Avery Island, Louisiana, she was acquainted with the facts in connection with Marsh Island, and the desirability of securing it as a refuge.

Impressed by Mr. McIlhenny's plea, she commissioned Dr. George Bird Grinnell, founder of the Audubon Society, to investigate the island. Dr. Grinnell reported that the island, which is eighteen miles long and nine miles in greatest width, and contains 75,000 acres, was an ideal spot for a refuge. Mrs. Sage thereupon purchased the entire island.

To protect birds from poachers a gasolene cutter will patrol the north side of the island, nearest the mainland, making its entire length each day. On the south side, which is less accessible, because of the shore formation, it is thought that one or two sentinels on horseback will be sufficient.

Signs have already been put up declaring the island private property, and warning gunners to keep off in accordance with the law of Louisiana.

Some of the Dwellers

AMONG the commonest fowl found on Marsh Island by Dr. Grinnell were Canada geese, snow geese, the blue geese that are becoming extinct as a result of gunners' campaigns, and several kinds of ducks.

On the west point is a colony of royal terns, and to the north a small city of laughing gulls, Caspian and Foster terns, black skimmers, and other water birds. Among the other birds are fellow-crowned night herons, Louisiana herons, great blue herons, chapperrails, and a few of the rare sandhill cranes.

To Breed Snowy Herons

MEANS for bringing snowy herons to Marsh Island are being considered. About the pools and ponds of fresh and brackish water it is possible that heronries will be established, not only as resting places, but as breeding grounds. This would necessitate the planting of trees; but it is believed that willows and swamp maples would flourish, and that colonies of the beautiful and persecuted egrets would easily be established.

The Only Woman Lookout

ALL alone, 6,444 feet above sea level, on top of Klamath Peak in Siskiyou County, California, a young for months at a time during the forest fire season last year did her part, and did it well, in the effort the government is making to preserve the forests of the country from destructive flames, which have for years caused an annual loss of seventy-five lives and $25,000,000 worth of property.

A Lonely Job

SHE is Miss Hallie M. Daggett, and is the only woman lookout employed by the Forest Service. As soon as the season of forest fires begins this summer she will again be found at her post. Stationed in her small cabin on top of the mountain peak, it will be her duty, as last year, to scan the vast forest in every direction as far as she can see by telescope, and report the result of her observations by telephone to the main office of the forest patrol miles away.

Few women would care for such a job, fewer still would be able to stand the strain of the infinite loneliness, the roar of the violent storms that sweep the peak, and the menace of the wild beasts that roam the heavily wooded ridges. Miss Daggett, however, not only eagerly longed for the station, but secured it after considerable exertion, and now she declares that she enjoys the life and is intensely interested in the work she has to do.

The daily duties at Miss Daggett's lookout are not burdensome: they consist merely of an early morning and late evening tramp of half a mile to the point of the ridge where the trees obscure the north view from the cabin, and a constant watch on all sides for a trace of smoke. A watch of this nature soon becomes instinctive, according to Miss Daggett: she says that she often wakes up in the night and takes a look around. Then there are three daily reports around to be sent to the district headquarters in town, to prove that everything is serene, and extra reports if they are not, and lastly there is a little house-work to do.

Plenty of Time to Think

THIS is not a very busy day, as judged by our modern standards of rush; but a lookout's motto might well be, "They also serve who only stand and wait." There is always the great map spread out at one's feet, to study by new lights and shadows, and the ever busy telephone with its numerous calls, which must be kept within hearing; so one cannot wander far.


Miss Hallie Daggett, the only woman lookout in the United States Forest Service. She lives alone in a small cabin on top of a mountain peak.


This remarkable snapshot shows a youth in the act of taking a dare to jump across a fifty-foot chasm, eight feet wide. The hero of this adventure was a young Oklahoma cowboy who stood six feet three in his stockings.


This automobile drew a 110-ton locomotive.

Automobile "Life Savers"

WHILE the horse often proves indispensable for towing disabled motorcars out of difficulties, the automobile itself may soon become a "life-saver" of more powerful vehicles than any horse can draw. To the extended list of records scored by automobiles all over the world the statisticians must now add the performance of an unusual strength test in Los Angeles. The local agent of a standard American car, in an exhibition before a crowd of skeptics, starting from a dead standstill, succeeded in pulling a locomotive for a considerable distance.

With full confidence in the power of his machine, the experimenter attached a rope from the rear axle of the automobile to the pilot of a 110-ton engine. At first the feat appeared hopeless; for the wheels of the machine slipped badly, and the locomotive, as though glued to the track, would not budge. Onlookers even feared that the strain would tear out the entire rear end of the automobile.

With the addition of six good-sized men for ballast, however, the car gripped the roadbed firmly, and after a steady long pull set the huge body of iron and steel in motion. Once under way, the engine moved readily enough, and was drawn several hundred feet before released.

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This Beautiful Oliver on Free Trial

How Big Can a Gun Be?


IT used to be considered absolutely useless to make a cannon to shoot more than twenty miles; for that is as far as one can see on the ocean on a clear day and with a good glass. The reason is of course the curvature of the earth. The distance to which one may see depends upon his own height above the water surface and the height of the object he sees; but the ordinary maximum distance from masthead lookout to masthead is twenty miles or less.

So ships that pass each other at a distance greater than this cannot possibly see each other. This is undoubtedly the reason why there have not been more isolated encounters on the sea than there have been; for the ships of the different nations are roaming the Seven Seas—but the Seven Seas are wide and have an infinitude of paths. The fog factor added to this multiplies the chances of nondiscovery greatly.

However, since the advent of the aeroplane and the dirigible, there is no longer folly in conceiving of a gun that could shoot more than twenty miles. Indeed there is no limit now save that due to practical reasons; such, for instance, as limit of speed in a cannonball,—which is the speed it would have to have to get redhot and melt like the meteors by friction with the air, and as this is several miles a second there is no danger of coming to this limit.

The distance to which an aeroplane above a friendly ship may see depends only upon its altitude and the condition of the weather; except of course it could never see over a little less than a fourth the way round the earth, and practically no such distance as that even. The size of the object seen also determines this distance; for when it subtends a very small angle in the eye the eye cannot cognize it. This particular limitation will be understood by those who have followed a buzzard with their eye as he got farther and farther away till he could not be seen.

An aeroplane a thousand feet up can detect an object on the surface of the water nearly forty miles away; one two thousand feet up, fifty-three miles; etc. The distance seen varies for all ordinary distances as the square root of the distance of the seer above water.

So if the United States has a big gun at Panama that will shoot twenty miles, it is possible for the gun to shoot farther than one can see from where the gun lies. So if an aeroplane is stationed there, or a captive balloon with range finders, gunner can be informed as to just how far away a hostile ship is and the direction of it. The big gun can then get busy and sink the ship before it can get close enough to use its smaller-range guns.

But how would such a big gun be gaged for range? That is, how would the gunner know how to sight the gun? The distances would all have to be marked, and the sighting would be done almost automatically after they were marked; but who would determine in the first place where to put the marks on the gun for its different elevations?

The answer is that the same would be calculated to a great extent, but much would have to be determined by experiment; for the retarding effect of the air on a ball varies with the surface exposed and also with the speed of the ball. These are known for certain speeds and surfaces, but not for all. However, it is safe to assume that the calculated angles for the distances marked would be very close indeed, and would be corrected at the first target practice.

Bees That Make Bread

FABRE has written another book,—Fabre, the wonderful old man who has spent his life in studying insects. This one is called "Bramble Bees and Others" (published by Dodd, Mead & Co.), and it describes, among others, the bee that makes bread.

Early in the spring she digs her galleries in the soil, each bee soundly resenting any other's intrusion. This gallery, some ten inches long, opens into rows of neat, stuccoed cells, one for each egg. Each cell, so delicately glossed, is also lined with a waterproof film, fine as a spider's web.

How the Mother Bee Kneads

LOADED with pollen and honey, the mother bee enters each cell backward, and brushes herself, dropping her load of pollen. Then she turns about and disgorges the honey on the floury heap. After many such journeys she is ready to knead her flour, mingling with it a little honey, and then to form it into a loaf the size of a pea—only with the hard crust in the center, and the soft doughiness on the outside. On this loaf she deftly rests the egg.

But in spite of all this laborious caution the early spring brood very often meets with catastrophe. A gnat, a parasite with red eyes, grayish belly, and black legs, crouches by the door of the gallery as the mother bee flies back and forth. The mother bee comes forth, ignoring the gnat, which makes way respectfully, but never leaves her post. The bee seems wholly oblivious to this dangerous enemy; for no sooner has she gone than the gnat complacently walks into the gallery, chooses a cell, and lays her own eggs in the honeyed mass.

Often the gnat does not escape from the corridor before the bee's return; but even in that case there is no struggle. The bee seems serenely unaware of all danger to her young. As a result, the bee's larva, which should strengthen on the pellet left for it, almost always starves on crumbled flour, while two or three maggots, the offspring of the gnat, wax and grow fat, and even at last enjoy a delicate morsel the larva's shriveled corpse.

Meanwhile the mother bee, still blind to the disaster, sets to work to plug up the end of the gallery for her progeny's protection. And even the the thieving maggots are not entombed by an impassable barrier. With singular agility and discretion they quit the cell before it is closed up.

But some of the bees survive the gnat ravages, and these set busily to work to rear their own families, which are due in July. The old galleries and cells are swept, and the stucco repolished with their tongues. Now each young bee uses its cell as a starting point for its personal branch gallery,—every branch gallery opening into the original corridor.

The Fierce Old Grandmother

THERE is also a curious trap door that opens and closes at will, and the keeper of this door is none other than the old grandmother bee whose spring family suffered such treachery. Her velvet stripes have gone, her head is bald, she is dingy and threadbare. But now the most innocent stranger may not approach her lodging. Ants, midges, have but to appear, and she sallies forth with a terrible brandishing of mandibles.

Very often two of these enmbittered grandames will come to a tussle with mandibles and feet. But never do they desert their posts! Only when the house is sealed do they go away—anywhere to die.

everyweek Page 15Page 15

An Office Building That Will Hold Three Cities


IF, on May 1, every man, woman, and child in Cripple Creek, Colorado, and Tarrytown, New York, had been bundled on a train and sent to New York, they


could all have been comfortably accommodated in the big new office building that was opened on that day. And there would have been room for three thousand persons besides.

Five thousand inhabitants make a city, according to the classification of the census records. Tarrytown, New York, is a city of this size. Three Tarrytowns could be stowed away inside this largest office building, and there would still be hallways and elevator space to spare. Incidentally, the world's largest—though no its highest—office building represents the world's largest property investment. With its site it cost more than twenty-eight million dollars, enough to build five battleships.

But it is not alone in office buildings that great populations are massed in New York City. In one single black on the East Side (that bounded by East Second street, east Third, Avenue B, and Avenue C), more than five thousand persons live,—a city the size of Tarrytown, squeezed down, under the awful pressure of population, into a single square. The figure, as the census gives them are:

Tarrytown 5,600 
That block 5,021 

And there are six other blocks in New York whose population is almost as big. Together with this one, they would form a city of more than thirty thousand people.

A Garden for Five Dollars


IF you have ever seen larkspurs in their wonderful blues, and California poppies in their equally wonderful luminous shades of yellow and orange, growing together, you will need no urging to plant them now; for from seed sown now both of these will flower by midsummer, on until frost stops them—if you keep the plants from setting seed by picking off the fading flower heads as fast as they become passé. This is only one of the many combinations possible, of course; and a real garden made now—or even then days later than now—where no garden has ever been or ever been thought of, is not at all a difficult achievement.

This Is a Real Garden

ONE thing to which I call attention at the very beginning is that it is a garden that is to be developed, not merely flowers. There is a vast difference here; and to demonstrate it I have chosen what I call a path garden,—a garden limited to two flower borders inclosing a walk, to illustrate the possibilities even where land is most strictly limited, and in shadow perhaps along its boundaries from adjoining buildings or from boundary fences.

In the list that follows, fairly complete, though condensed, information about each of the flowers named in given. Of course the tall ones should go in the rear, and an average distance between plants of six inches should be maintained. "Spreading kinds need eight, "edging" kinds only four. All are annuals; that is, they will grow, flower, fruit, and die this year. They are quick; but unfortunately they are not permanent.

Background plants; 24 to 36 inches high. STOCKS: White, rose, yellow, blue, red, lilac; flower ten weeks from time of sowing; very fragrant. SCABIOSAS: White, pink, red, lilac, purple; flower in about twelve weeks from sowing, SHIRLEY POPPIES: White, pinks to deep reds and scarlet; thin to four inches apart only. LARKSPURS: White, pink, blue, lilac, dark blue.

Middle ground plants; 15 to 24 inches high. GAILLARDIAS: Brilliant Crimson, orange, or am-white. FEVERFEW: White. PETUNIAS: White, pinks, reds; avoid maroon shades; wear appearing seedlings of petunias produce the finest flowers. CENTAUREAS (bachelor's buttons): White, rose, blue. SNAPDRAGONS: White, yellow, pink, scarlet, sown now will bloom from July to November.

Foreground plants; 6 to 15 inches high. AGERATUM (the imperial strain is 8 inches high): White, blue (one of the few truly blue flowers). MARIGOLDS: White, yellow, crimson, brown. CALLIOPSIS: Yellow, Crimson, brown. CALIFORNIA POPPY: White, orange, rose scarlet. GYSOPHILA: (baby's breath): White, pink; sow fortnightly until July for succession of bloom; tiny, airy flowers, fine to use as sprays among others. CANDYTUFT: White; sow fortnightly until July.

Edging or trailing plants; under 6 inches. AGERATUM: Ordinary strain, light and dark blue, pink. SWEET ALYSSUM: White. PORTULACA: White, scarlet, rose, yellow; buy seed in separate color packets only, as scarlets and mauves of mixed packets are fearful together. Useful to cover barren, sandy spots.

Some Color Combinations

GOOD combinations are: Shirley poppies, feverfew, blue centaureas, pink gysophila, and a low edging next the path of ageratum; gaillardias, blue centaureas, and an edging of sweet alyssum; and all-pink garden of pink snapdragons and pink stocks, pink petunias, pink gypsophilia, and an edging of pink portulaca; an all-blue garden of blue larkspurs, imperial strain blue ageratum, and ordinary ageratum in light blue for edging.

Other color schemes will suggest themselves. Note that masses are what produce the dazzlings effects always; not mixtures. Hence I invariably advise confining a small garden to very few kinds.

Nothing is finer than the Japanese morning glories for covering fences or temporary arbors. They are lovely in foliage and gorgeous in bloom, ranging from purest white almost to black through crimson and blue. There is a color indeed to harmonize with any kind of border!


Nothing is so suggestive of Coca-Cola's own pure deliciousness as the picture of a beautiful, sweet, wholesome, womanly woman.

everyweek Page 16Page 16


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Old Coins Wanted

Does Buttermilk Really Prolong Life


Each weed Dr. Bowers will answer to most interesting question received. Next week: "Is It Work or Worry That Kills?"

IT was Professor Metchnikof who first startled the world with the assertion that the reason the Bulgarians grew to such a ripe old age was because they lived on buttermilk.

This may or may not be so: it has never been definitely proved that the Bulgarians live any longer than non-buttermilk-drinking races. Living in Bulgaria, it may only seem longer to them. And though they may look older, it doesn't necessarily follow that they are older. In fact, it is highly probable that, under identical conditions, these old men and women might be twice as old as they are—if only they had refrained from indulging in their Ponce de Leon beverage. Indeed, many of the most eminent dietists claim that, granting for the sake of argument that Bulgarians live longer then buttermilk abstainers, it only probes that they do so in spite of their buttermilk, and not because of it.

Bacilli Don't Always Make Good

METCHNIKOF may have erred; for there is no conclusive evidence to prove that the microscopic vegetable organisms that flourish in the intestines are responsible for the development of old age. And there is still less evidence that the little lactic acid-forming bacilli in buttermilk can, or care to, destroy these minute plants. If they can, they are very backward about proving their prowess in the test tube, or on the laboratory plate. And when invited inside a human being for a demonstration, ore frequently than not they merely produce an active fermentation.

When this occurs the patient is infinitely worse off than he was before; for, in addition to all his original flora and fauna, he has taken aboard a cargo of several million acid-forming germs that tare as busy as a hive of bees doing the wrong thing.

Emphatically these remarks cast no reflection upon the value of buttermilk as food. It is food, and a very wholesome and excellent food—if it agrees with one. IF it doesn't, it is modified poison; for with some individuals it "clogs the liver," loads the system up sigh underoxidized acid, decreases the alkalinity of the blood, and produces biliousness. This is a most important point—usually overlooked by clinicians.

Many Athletes Are Short-Lived

FOR, be it remembered, the liver is responsible for oxidizing all the acid that enters the body or is developed within it. It is the system's official clearing house. To illustrate more clearly: Many athletes are short-lived. The reason is not so much because of the strain put upon the heart and arteries, as because of the strain put upon their livers. A prize fighter or a ball player may be an old man at forty: not, as we were formerly told, because of his brittle blood vessels, but because his liver has been overworked in attempting to oxidize the excess amounts of acid generated in his system from the rapid breaking down of tissues due to the violence of his exertions.

Buttermilk in moderation is an excellent food, especially when it is freshly prepared by ferment tablets, so that it gets no chance to become contaminated—as the discard of the churn frequently does. Buttermilk freshly prepared from whole milk is best; for it isn't necessary to drink a gallon or two of it in order to get a decent amount of nourishment.

But however popular buttermilk may be as a food, it is now largely discredited as a life saver.

What Shall I Do With the Money I've Saved?

B., CHARLESTOWN, W. VA.—It is impossible to say whether the stick of the United Dry Goods Company will have any value until after the reorganization planned is made public, which will be soon. The affairs of the company are very complicated.

N. B. W., OAKLAND, CAL.—You need not be afraid of buying school bonds. Every city and town in proud of its schools, and will strive to the last ditch to pay interest on bonds issued for that purpose.

S., Cody, WYO.—I cannot tell you an ything about orchard property in Mississippi. You would have to go there and investigate it personally.

K., CRAFTON, PA.—The 5% bonds of the California Gas & Electric Corporation are good enough for anybody. Do not become nervous about them at all.

N. B. W., WESTFIELD, N.J.—Minimum prices for stocks on the New York Stock Exchange are the prices established by a committee with supreme power, below which no one is permitted to do business.

E. D., WILLOUGHBY, OHIO.—Demand exchange at $4.80 simply means that a man in this country who owes $4.8665 to someone in England and would have to pay that much in normal circumstances now has to pay only $4.80.

H., LAWRENCE, KAN.—There is no information about the Continental Wireless Telephone Company, because the concern is absolutely dead. The promoters are in jail at Atlanta, Georgia.

MRS. W., STATEN ISLAND, N.Y.—The reason the Cities Service Company stopped paying dividends on its preferred stock, although all of its properties are in this country, was because most of its financing has been done abroad, and the war has stopped its normal channel for raising funds. Its earnings, however, are improving.

B., OWENSBORO, KT.—St. Paul General Mortgage 4% bonds do not bear coupons beyond 1939, although the bonds run to 1989, simply because there would be so many coupons as to make the bond too bulky. The company will provide a new sheet of coupons in 1939.

R. B. D., RICHMOND, VA.—One of the best ways of building a home is to join a building and loan association. The only means of finding out about one is to inquire in your own locality; for these concerns are absolutely local in their character. There are 6,500 of them in the country.


Keep Your Razor Sharp


White Frost Sanitary Refrigerator


Become a Nurse


Everlasting Black Dye



everyweek Page 17Page 17

The Man Who Discovered Americans


NOT all Americans, of course. The late Christopher Columbus discovered some Americans. Jacob A. Riis discovered some, and there are doubtless other discoverers whose names escape me; but William Goodell Frost discovered more than three million Americans who had been lost for something like three hundred years—and that ought to be enough.

It was in 1884 that Frost, the youngest man ever appointed on the faculty of Oberlin College, was making a walking trip through the Kentucky Mountains. The word "making" is used advisedly, as you would realize if you knew the Kentucky Mountains. Any kind of trip through them is nothing short of downright, and upright, hard work. Most of the roads, being merely the beds of mountain streams, merit the description of the old mountaineer whom Horace Kephart quoted, "Goin' up you can might' nigh stand up straight and bite the ground; goin' down a man wants hobnails on the seat of his pants." It was on this walking trip that Frost discovered his three million pure-blooded Americans who for something like three hundred years had been "beleagured by Nature," as he expresses it; which is to say, shut up and forgotten.

The Only Real Americans

OTHER men, to be sure, had preceded him. Poe, in one of his stories, makes reference to "the wild and uncouth races of men" who tenant the Cumberland Mountains, and other adventurers into the hills had come out with strange tales of moonshine still, and feuds, and hair-faced, raw-boned men.

Wild and uncouth as they undoubtedly were, Frost soon discovered that these "poor whites" are almost the only real Americans in America. Their ancestors, coming along about the time of the Mayflower, pushed back into the mountains, and there, shut off from the outside world, with no railroads or navigable streams, their descendants have remained ever since. Frost named them "our contemporary ancestors," and immediately set himself to work bridging the gap that shut them off from the busy world about them.

For pretty nearly a quarter of a century he has been president of Berea College. A "brevet college" he calls it, "a kind of Cooper Institute, social settlement, and extension bureau of civilization." In that period pretty nearly twenty thousand mountaineers have come out of the hills, many of them walking more than a hundred miles, driven by a hunger for "larnin;" long denied, and some of them seeing their first railway train on the journey. Berea, starting them in at the kindergarten, or the fifth grade, or the high school stage, as the case might be, has kept them as long as it could, and sent them back into the mountains to be teachers and blacksmiths, preachers and farmers, and country editors, and to carry the spirit of the twentieth century back to the folk of the eighteenth.

Board costs one dollar and thirty-five cents a week at Berea. A year's expenses average one hundred dollars; but hardly any of the students ever have that much.

"Young Lincolns and Their Sisters"

THE difference is earned by work which the college supplies. And last year one boy left his home in North Carolina with thirty dollars, and returned in June, after ten months at Berea, with thirty-five. So year after year Frost has traveled back into the ravines to bring them to Berea, and up and down through the cities of the North for money to keep them after he gets them there. He is "making American citizens faster and cheaper than they can be made anywhere else." He is helping a whole nation out of the eighteenth century into the twentieth. His raw material is "young Lincolns and their sisters"; for after all, he says, the one main difference between Lincoln and the other mountain boys about him was that Lincoln's mother had six books.

He's a different sort of discoverer from Christopher Columbus and the other explorers who preceded him. For one thing, Columbus, having discovered his Americans, turned round and went home. Frost stayed.

When a Lion Makes Love

WHO is the best love maker among wild animals? The king of beasts himself. says Ellen Velvin in her new book. "From Jungle to Zoo" (Moffat, Yard & Co.).

"He is a strictly domestic animal, and as soon as he is full grown he begins to look for a wife. When he has made his selection, he is quite willing to fight for her, which he usually has to do, for there are generally rivals.

"A fine young lioness will come into the open, followed perhaps by two or even three full grown lions. Sometimes these lions already bear the marks of former fights. After a few preliminary growls of defiance they suddenly start fighting.

"Occasionally they will break loose from one another and stop for a few moments in order to get their breath. Then, with their tawny bodies quivering with rage, their throats swelling, their mouths dripping saliva, and their ropelike tails waving to and fro, each one will put forth his utmost strength; for the fight means that the winner gets the lioness.

"Meanwhile the lioness appears to enjoy it thoroughly. Settling herself comfortably on the ground, her head well up and waving to and fro in pleasurable excitement, she never takes her cruel yellow eyes off the combatants, until there is a little pause such as I have just described, and then she licks her paws reflectively, as though she took no interest whatever in the matter.

She remains quiet until the fight has taken the first enthusiasm out of the competitors. Then she begins to watch each lion craftily, putting her red tongue in and out slowly, as though considering something. Just so soon as one of the two lions shows unmistakable signs of defeat, she steps over to the victor, and, ignoring the others who have fought so bravely for her, rubs her head insinuatingly against his neck, purring softly.

"And without more ado home they go to the cave shrouded with wild olive and mastic tree branches, and here they settle down to their home life in the jungle. On their soft beds of clean, dry, fragrant leaves they sleep all day long. As the shadows gently gather they wake, roll over, yawn, and stretch themselves lazily. Then as it grows darker they prepare to saunter forth in search of food.

"The lion makes a good and faithful husband, and a brave provider. He treats the lioness with the greatest dignity. He never walks in front of his wife, but always waits for her to enter, or leave the cave first, and when she halts occasionally in her walk the lion waits patiently until she feels inclined to go forward, when he at once follows her as before."


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This is the end of How to Make Your Will

Continued from page 9

them into the room where he is himself. These neighbors may be anybody, but should not be persons interested in the will as legatees or devisees. If he were to give Tom Noakes a legacy of one hundred dollars, and Tom Noakes were witness to the will, and after Doe's death were compelled to testify to its execution, he would lose his legacy. That is why neighbors are suggested as witnesses. They are not usually legatees.

The scene is now set. In the room together are John Doe, the testator, and the two or three proposed witnesses. It is not necessary that the witnesses should read the will. They have nothing to do with the contents of the will—nothing whatever.

John Doe, having laid down his pen to call his neighbors, now takes it up again. They look on. John fills in the date. He then signs his name opposite the seal. Legally he subscribes his name, which means that he signs at the end of the will. That first clause is his will. He signs at its end. The word "seal" or "L. S." takes care of the "sealing" referred to in the attestation clause. Follow the attestation clause and see that John does this right.

One Slip May Be Fatal

HAVING thus subscribed and sealed his will, when the two were with him in the room and when they were looking on, John now makes two vital utterances, without which a will is absolutely void. Follow this carefully. He says to his two witnesses, "This is my last will," and then adds to them, "I want you to sign as witnesses."

He must declare it to be his will, and he must ask them to sign as witnesses. If he fail in that, his will is absolutely void. You now see that he has declared it as his last will. He has done it in presence of his witnesses. He has requested them to sign as witnesses. He has done his part.

It is now up to them. They, then, when he is still present, and they are both present, sign their names as witnesses and add their addresses. Of course it is not possible for all to sign literally "at the same time"; but that phrase in the attestation clause indicates merely that the execution of the will takes place practically as one transaction. The testator waits until both sign. Noakes waits until Stiles is through. He doesn't rush out as soon as he has signed his own name. Let all three remain present until the trick is done.

The net result,—John Doe has made a valid will.

At any rate, his will will serve for a great majority of States in the Union. Add three witnesses instead of two, and physically affix a seal, and it is good generally throughout the United States. The specific directions here set forth are given with the laws of many of the principal Eastern States in mind. Doe has made his will, and it hasn't cost him a cent.

It is wise for the witnesses to read the "attestation clause," and to charge their minds with the fact that it is true,—that they followed all its detail in the execution of the will.

Having made his will, John Doe naturally expects to drop dead next day. As a matter of fact, he probably lives for years. A well known old practitioner down on Wall street—upon the occasion of the execution of a will—invariably addresses his clients thus:

"You know, Sir, the making of your will is really life insurance; the best life insurance, really, that you can obtain."

If the Witnesses Die

THEREFORE, since his neighbors Noakes and Stiles have underwritten him in the aforementioned manner, John Doe doesn't die at once. When he does die, a queer thing happens, possibly. Noakes and Stiles have totally forgotten that they ever witnessed John Doe's will. Maybe one of them is dead and the other can't remember. But say they are both living, and neither can remember—what then?

Is Doe's will void because they can't remember? Not at all. The law—statute law in some States, decisions in others—says they don't have to remember—nor in fact do they have to live. There is the advantage of the attestation clause. The attestation clause was built for witnesses who cannot remember or who do not live. And when, on Doe's death, Noakes and Stiles attend before the surrogate's clerk and scratch their heads, all they have to do is to recognize their signatures, then he able to swear that the name Noakes was signed by Noakes and the name Stiles by Stiles. The law does the rest. The law says it will presume that the statement contained in the attestation clause is correct, and it probates John Doe's will. And if the witnesses be dead, it takes proof of the correctness of their signatures and of John's.

It has been suggested that John Doe sidesteps making his will because of the expense. But he sidesteps it for other reasons. Death is a happening never contemplated, and never imminent.

There is always plenty of time to prepare for death—and wills and death go together. Hence, John Doe, failing woefully to realize the importance of the thing, delays it. He may seek life insurance eagerly; but he is apathetic about his will.

Lawyers Often Fail to Leave Wills

JOHN DOE is not alone in this. It is a notorious fact that lawyers—the very class that understands the necessity of the thing—frequently fail to leave wills. It is so easily done that it is never done.

John Doe is in good company if he fails to make his will. It is a very human weakness, that failure; but that failure may constitute a serious mistake.

If he acquire riches, a will then may be desirable; but it is not essential. There are just as many family fights with a will as without one. If he thinks wills belong exclusively to big estates, he suffers under grievous error.

If he dies poor, he needs one mighty bad.

A word in John's ear: Better have a lawyer draw your will. The simple form herein may suit you. But if you come to vary it, you enter unknown territory. An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure.

Polar Postage

MANY Arctic and Antarctic explorers have taken with them a special supply of postage stamps for special uses. When the Terra Nova left New Zealand on November 20, 1910, she had on board a hundred pounds' worth of New Zealand one-penny stamps bearing the words "Victoria Land."

Captain Scott was made postmaster of British Antarctica, an appointment first held by Sir Ernest Shackleton in 1907.

The stamps carried by the Shackleton Expedition were the ordinary New Zealand stamps, marked "King Edward VII Land." Twenty-three thousand of these stamps were issued, and though of only one-penny value they are now quoted at twenty-six shillings each, unused.

The Australian Antarctic Expedition, under the leadership of Dr. Mawson, used the stamps of Tasmania, canceled with a special postmark showing in the center the figure of a penguin. The stamps used by the Terra Nova expedition were also canceled by a design noticeable for the figures of a penguin.

The German Antarctic expedition of a 1911 had a stamp of special manufacture showing a design of the expedition's ship, the Deutschland.


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Little Things You Ought to Know

How Long a Soldier Lives

ACCORDING to Edward Bunnell Phelps, editor of the American Underwriter, a soldier has a better chance of living through a year of the war than a civilian has when pursuing his ordinary occupation. Thus, he says the percentages show that a soldier will excel the civilian in chances that if he is 25 he will reach 36; if he is 30, to reach 41; if he is 35, to reach 45; if he is 40, to reach 49; if he is 45, to reach 52; if he is 50, to reach 56; if he is 55, to reach 60; or if he is 60, to reach 63.

Mr. Phelps has made elaborate mortality tables showing these conclusions based on an estimated death list of 540,000 out of 6,000,000 engaged during the first year of the war. However, this estimate of deaths is based on the rates of the Union Army during the Civil War, and the Japanese army in the Manchurian War.

Tin-Can Bombs

MAYBE they are not ordinary tomato cans, but they might be just the same, judging by the descriptions that have come from the front of the European War. This refers to the hand grenades that the British troops are using. According to Popular Mechanics, the soldiers in the trenches make them themselves.

The cans are filled with pieces of iron and [?] charge of guncotton, and equipped with a [?] e. They are frequently tossed by hand to the nearby trench of the enemy; but generally a rude catapult is used. This is [?] ply a piece of timber, with an automobile [?] ring fixed vertically in the upper side, the top of which is drawn back and held in a slot [?] a wooden trigger. Then the bomb-can is attached to the spring with a tin holder, the [?] se is lighted, the trigger sprung, and the bomb goes on its destructive way behind the [?] eastworks of the enemy.

Turning an Auto Into a Railroad Car

Some of hte railroads are changing ordinary automobiles into railraod cars to be used in their inspection work. All that is needed is a set of steel-flanged tires. The regular pneumatic tires are deflated a trifle, [?] e steel put over them, then inflated firmly [?] to a groove in the steel, to hold them firmly in place, and the machine, with the steering gear locked straight ahead, goes merrily down the track at enormous speed. But, as each of these steel tires weighs 250 pounds, their use is not likely to become popular.

The Boundary Marked at Last

The last monument marking the boundary between Canada and the United States from the Lake of the Woods to the Pacific Coast has at last been put into place. The monuments were formerly ordinary posts, the last of which was planted in 1878; bu these were perishable and seven years ago it was decided to replace them with permanent monuments. These are of aluminum bronze, made into three sections of sixty-five pounds each, which are strung on an iron rod and fixed into heavy concrete foundations. They have been established sufficiently near together to be within eyesight of each other.

Uncle Sam Will Test Your Watch

SEND your watch to the Bureau of Standards at Washington, and an expert will test it and give a certificate showing its accuracy exactly. A fee of fifty cents to five dollars is required. A bulletin has been issued by the government showing just how to take care of your watch.

Some New Inventions

HOW to turn your bicycle into a boat is the subject of a new patent applied for lately. The enterprising inventor puts a float in place of hte front wheel, with a rudder extending backward and controlled by the handle bars for steering, and in the rear are two floats in place of that wheel. A little propeller to be worked by the foot-pedals extends back between the rear floats.

AN English inventor has discovered a method of extracting metals from the human body by electricity. The feet and hands are placed in separate conducting salt solutions, and the two solutions are connected outside by a wire circuit, in which there is a battery and a resistance switch. When the location of the metal is known, the salt solution contacts are to be made near that part of the body.

A COMBINATION parasol handle and vanity box is a recently patented novelty for the ladies. The top of the handle opens with a spring, and then a tiny mirror pops out from the back of it. In the handle itself are the bottles and puffs and other things that only the fair carrier knows.

Just School Jokes

A Neat Definition

"A SKELETON is bones with the man rubbed off," said Mary in the physiology class.

Elizabeth's Fathers

IN the primary history class the teacher used the word forefathers, and proceeded to explain its meaning.

"I haven't got any four fathers," objected Elizabeth when the teacher had said that every little boy and every little girl had forefathers.

"You certainly have," answered the teacher. "Every child in the world has forefathers!"

"I've only got two fathers," persisted Elizabeth; "my heavenly Father and my un-heavenly father.

Difference Between Miss and Mrs.

A SECOND grade teacher had difficulty in getting the children to distinguish between Miss and Mrs. They would insist on saying one when they meant the other. Finally, to make the distinction more clear, she said, "John, what is the difference between Miss and Mrs?"

Whereupon John, one of hte slowest children in the room, startled her with the answer, "Mister."

An Appropriate Name

IN a school in a Jewish district of the city they were discussing a change of name for the school, and the tendency of hte Board of Education to use names of illustrious men as an inspiration had been commented on.

A bright little fellow in the front seat raised his hand for recognition. "I think, Mr. C.," he said, "That we ought to call this the Lincoln School. There are so many Abrahams in it."

Struck the Wrong Pitch

A PROGRAM had been arranged for visiting day in the school at Newington, New Hampshire. The music had been rehearsed in the town hall over the school had none. Dan had asked and received permission to sing a hymn in honor of the minister, who was to be present. Dan had a sweet voice and plenty of confidence.

On the day of the entertainment he came forward tot he platform and in a high-pitched monotone announced impressively, "My God—it's too high!" and stopped.

There was a horrified silence while the teacher struggled to control her voice. "Dan has always rehearsed with the piano," she explained. "Begin again, Dan, and pitch it lower this time."

To the relief of the audience Dan began again, "My God, from out whose bounteous hand—" and finished without further mishap.

The Stamp Act

IT was the Christmas season, and public spirited teachers were encouraging their pupils to aid in the fight against the Great White Plague by purchasing Red Cross stamps.

One girl had a mind of an inquiring type. "How," she asked, "does lickin' a stamo and stickin' it on an envelop keep you from havin' tuberculosis?"

Not Desirable

JOHN was grieving because he had no gift for his mother's birthday.

"Do not quarrel with little sister all day," suggested Grandmother.

"That would be the best gift she could have," John agreed.

"Can't you see how much Mother enjoyed your gift, John?" asked Grandmother at night. "Why don't you do this every day?"

John drew a breath that came from his very boots. "I'd rather die, Gram, than live like this every day," he said fervently.

The Still, Small Voice

ONE day during the reading lesson we came to the word conscience. Trying to make the meaning clear, I started by saying:

"It is that little voice within us—" but who was quickly interrupted by a little fellow who exclaimed:

"Yes'm, I know, I've heard mine growl."

It Hurts Her Feelings

FOND PARENT TO TEACHER: "Please don't mark Alice's examples wrong any more. She is so sensitive!"


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